Reconciling work and family: Issues and policies in China, Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 22

This publication is part of a series of national reports examining patterns and trends in issues, policies, and practices regarding reconciliation between paid work and unpaid family responsibilities. This paper presents the example of China. China has undergone tremendous changes, in terms of economic and labour market reforms, rural-urban migration, and demographic and family composition changes, notably the ageing of society and the decreasing size of nuclear families. At the same time, the extent and types of public services that support care and education have changed dramatically as well. On the basis of labour market, education, health and time-use data, secondary research, and interviews, this paper examines these trends and how they have affected men's and women's abilities to both earn a livelihood and meet their families' needs for care. The authors report that there considerable challenges in doing so, particularly for women.