Decent working time: new trends, new issues


Working time has been a central workforce issue since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, and a central issue of labour policy since at least the adoption of the Factories Act of 1844 in the United Kingdom limiting the working hours of women and children. Working time was also the subject of the very first international labour standard, the Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No. 1). Over the years, working time has continued to be central to the work of the International Labour Organization (ILO), which has adopted international standards on a variety of working time related subjects, including not only standards establishing limits on working
hours, but also those providing for minimum weekly rest periods, paid
annual leave, protections for night workers and equal treatment for parttime workers.