Reconciling work and family: Issues and policies in Japan, Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 5.

The ILO's Conditions of Work and Employment Programme seeks to promote decent conditions of employment on the basis of international labour standards and the analysis of the policy experience in its member States. One of the key aspects of working conditions which this Programme addresses is the reconciliation of work and family life. On the one hand, how can working conditions be adapted to facilitate workers' ability to fulfill their family responsibilities; and, on the other hand, how can the family responsibilities of men and women be lightened or made less incompatible with employment so that they are not a source of discrimination in the labour market? Based in part on the recognition that the problems of workers with family responsibilities are part of wider issues regarding family and society and that family responsibilities can be a source of discrimination in employment, the International Labour Conference adopted a Convention on Workers with Family Responsibilities (No. 156) in 1981.