1. Employment Protection Legislation: New Approaches to Measuring the Institution

    11 January 2016

    Policy Brief No.8


  1. Making decent work a reality for migrant domestic workers

    17 December 2015

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  2. Domestic work voice and representation through organizing

    15 December 2015

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. The application of collective agreements

    14 December 2015

    Ideally, workers and managers will ensure that collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) are applied. Managers will make sure that workers are paid the agreed rates and that working conditions are as specified in the latest agreement. Trade union officers will communicate with workers, explaining what has been agreed and discussing how to approach the implementation of any changes. Managers and trade union representatives together will monitor the application of the agreement and work together within agreed procedures to resolve any problems that arise with putting it into practice. In many circumstances, however, the application of agreements is not so straightforward.

  4. Subjects for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

  5. Representativity and recognition for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    If a collective bargaining agreement is to reflect a fair balance between the interests of the workers and employers that it covers, the organizations that negotiate on behalf of each side must be properly representative.

  6. Collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    Negotiating or bargaining is a means of joint decision making. It is used by individuals or groups like trade unions and employers who depend on each other to achieve their goals but who may have different interests.

  7. Collective bargaining and non-standard forms of employment: Practices that reduce vulnerability and ensure work is decent

    14 December 2015

    Collective bargaining is widely recognized as an important tool for improving working conditions and labour relations, but can it play the same role for workers in non-standard forms of employment? This issue brief looks at the ways in which collective bargaining is used to negotiate better terms and conditions of employment for workers in temporary and part-time employment, and in forms of employment involving multiple parties, such as temporary agency work.

  8. Improving working conditions for domestic workers: organizing, coordinated action and bargaining

    04 December 2015

    This Issue Brief examines innovative approaches to workers’ and employers’ organizations and collective bargaining that protect domestic workers from the risk of being engaged in unacceptable forms of work and afford them effective and inclusive labour protection.

  9. Trends in collective bargaining coverage: stability, erosion or decline?

    29 September 2015

    Collective bargaining over wages and other working conditions between unions and employers is a key labour market institution in democratic societies. The coverage and impact of this institution varies over time and across countries. This policy brief examines differences in collective bargaining coverage for 75 countries.

  10. Indigenous peoples in domestic work – Facing multiple discrimination and disadvantage

    06 August 2015

    As the ILO implements its strategy on domestic work, collaborating with national constituents and other stakeholders around the world, the Office has identified many policy questions of concern to constituents. In response, the Office has combined efforts to answer these frequently asked questions, drawing from country level experience, empirical research, and knowledge-sharing. The «work in progress» series will showcase the Office’s research work in progress on these policy areas.

  11. The Diversity of "Marginal" Part-Time Employment

    31 May 2015

    Policy Brief No.7

  12. The right to rest for domestic workers - setting a floor

    30 April 2015

  13. Nothing more permanent than temporary? Understanding fixed-term contracts

    27 March 2015

    Policy Brief No.6

  14. Women and the Future of Work – Taking care of the caregivers

    13 March 2015

    Over the last 20 years, important achievements have been made with regards to gender equality in the world of work. At least 50% of the world’s women are in paid wage and salary employment – an increase of 10% since the 1990s. In 2014, women held 24% of the world’s senior management positions, compared to 19% ten years ago.

  15. Domestic workers organize – but can they bargain?

    20 February 2015

    Does the traditional form of collective negotiation have the same potential to ensure decent working conditions in the sector? Or are there other forms, adapted to the sector that would be more effective in ensuring compliance with standards set through various forms of collective negotiation? The ILO is currently carrying out a study to answer just these questions, the preliminary results of which indicate that, to reach the same objective in domestic work will require not only the right to bargain collectively, but may also entail a reassessment of the source of power of domestic workers that would make such a system effective in ensuring employers comply with the agreements.


  1. Working time of live-in domestic workers

    28 November 2013

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  2. “Meeting the needs of my family too”: Maternity protection and work-family measures for domestic workers

    01 July 2013

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. Snapshot: ILO in action, domestic workers

    31 May 2013

    A growing number of countries are taking measures to improve the living and working conditions of domestic workers. But the momentum needs to be stepped up to ensure that domestic workers worldwide enjoy labour rights, just like other workers.

  4. The Distribution of Hours of Work in Developed and Developing Countries: What are the Main Differences and Why?

    01 May 2013

    Policy Brief No.5