Factsheets

2018

  1. Factsheet no. 5 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Grievance handling

    19 March 2018

    Workers have rights and entitlements that are established in laws, employment contracts, collective agreements and workplace rules, as well as in custom and practice (the way things are normally done – and have been done for a long time – in a particular workplace, industry or occupation). We say that workers have a grievance when they believe that some aspect of these is not being respected by their employer. Grievances are usually described as ‘individual’ when only one worker is involved and ‘collective’ when a group of workers all believe they are suffering from the same breach of the rules. Grievances relate to addressing infringements of existing rights and entitlements, from bullying or harassment, to underpayment of wages, refusal to grant rest periods, weekly rest days or public holidays, discrimination or underpayment of bonuses or other entitlements.

2017

  1. Issue Brief no. 1 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Trends in collective bargaining coverage: stability, erosion or decline?

    01 November 2017

    Collective bargaining over wages and other working conditions between unions and employers is a key labour market institution in democratic societies. The coverage and impact of this institution varies over time and across countries. This policy brief examines differences in collective bargaining coverage for 75 countries.

  2. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 10

    Formalizing domestic work

    23 June 2017

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. INWORK Policy Brief No. 10

    Purchasing practices and working conditions in global supply chains: Global Survey results

    09 June 2017

  4. INWORK Policy Brief No. 9

    Women in Non-standard Employment

    31 May 2017

2016

  1. Issue Brief no. 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Negotiating for gender equality

    27 September 2016

    Inequality of opportunity, treatment and outcomes between women and men still persists in global labour markets. Achieving gender equality in the workplace remains one of the biggest challenges for governments, social partners and management at enterprise level. Gender-based discrimination often occurs at the recruitment stage on grounds of pregnancy, or potential child bearing and rearing and the gender pay gap remains high across the world. In addition, women are more likely to be affected by violence at work, whether physical, psychological or sexual. This Issue Brief focuses on the obstacles to gender equality at work and how collective bargaining can be used as an effective tool to overcome these challenges.

  2. Factsheet - Working Conditions

    Rest Periods: Definitions and dimensions

    16 June 2016

  3. INWORK Policy Brief No. 8

    Employment Protection Legislation: New Approaches to Measuring the Institution

    11 January 2016

2015

  1. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 9

    Making decent work a reality for migrant domestic workers

    17 December 2015

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  2. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 8

    Domestic work voice and representation through organizing

    15 December 2015

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. Factsheet no. 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    The application of collective agreements

    14 December 2015

    Ideally, workers and managers will ensure that collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) are applied. Managers will make sure that workers are paid the agreed rates and that working conditions are as specified in the latest agreement. Trade union officers will communicate with workers, explaining what has been agreed and discussing how to approach the implementation of any changes. Managers and trade union representatives together will monitor the application of the agreement and work together within agreed procedures to resolve any problems that arise with putting it into practice. In many circumstances, however, the application of agreements is not so straightforward.

  4. Factsheet no. 3 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Subjects for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

  5. Factsheet no. 2 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Representativity and recognition for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    If a collective bargaining agreement is to reflect a fair balance between the interests of the workers and employers that it covers, the organizations that negotiate on behalf of each side must be properly representative.

  6. Factsheet no. 1 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    Negotiating or bargaining is a means of joint decision making. It is used by individuals or groups like trade unions and employers who depend on each other to achieve their goals but who may have different interests.

  7. Issue Brief no. 3 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Collective bargaining and non-standard forms of employment: Practices that reduce vulnerability and ensure work is decent

    14 December 2015

    Collective bargaining is widely recognized as an important tool for improving working conditions and labour relations, but can it play the same role for workers in non-standard forms of employment? This issue brief looks at the ways in which collective bargaining is used to negotiate better terms and conditions of employment for workers in temporary and part-time employment, and in forms of employment involving multiple parties, such as temporary agency work.

  8. Issue Brief no. 2 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Improving working conditions for domestic workers: organizing, coordinated action and bargaining

    04 December 2015

    This Issue Brief examines innovative approaches to workers’ and employers’ organizations and collective bargaining that protect domestic workers from the risk of being engaged in unacceptable forms of work and afford them effective and inclusive labour protection.

  9. Publication

    Indigenous peoples in domestic work – Facing multiple discrimination and disadvantage

    06 August 2015

    As the ILO implements its strategy on domestic work, collaborating with national constituents and other stakeholders around the world, the Office has identified many policy questions of concern to constituents. In response, the Office has combined efforts to answer these frequently asked questions, drawing from country level experience, empirical research, and knowledge-sharing. The «work in progress» series will showcase the Office’s research work in progress on these policy areas.

  10. INWORK Policy Brief No. 7

    The Diversity of "Marginal" Part-Time Employment

    31 May 2015

  11. Publication

    The right to rest for domestic workers - setting a floor

    30 April 2015

  12. INWORK Policy Brief No. 6

    Nothing more permanent than temporary? Understanding fixed-term contracts

    27 March 2015