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Data on the distribution of persons injured and their injuries, as well as occupational accidents, are essential for planning preventive measures. Workers in occupations and activities of highest risk can be targeted more effectively for safety campaigns, inspection visits, and the development of safety equipment, procedures and regulations. With data classified by sex and age, and other characteristics, high-risk groups in different segments of the working population can be identified and targeted. When measured over a period of time, the data can reveal progress or deterioration in occupational safety, and thus the effectiveness of prevention measures.