Working Papers, vehicles for disseminating information on a range of topics related to the world of work and the evolution of social and labour policies and practices for a given sector, are regularly published and widely disseminated. Background reports and issues papers, which provide more in-depth analysis on specific issues, are also published for discussion at international tripartite meetings and global dialogue fora.
11 August 2016
Minimum wages can be an important part of the policy toolkit to meet the needs of workers and their families. However, minimum wages do not adequately fulfill this role if non-compliance is widespread. This research note shows that a large proportion of workers in the garment, footwear, and textiles sector in seven garment-exporting countries in Asia are paid below the minimum wage.
27 May 2016
Comparative Analysis of Opportunities and Challenges for Social and Economic Upgrading
19 May 2016
The Sectoral Policies Department (SECTOR) provides support to ILO constituents in addressing employment and labour issues in specific economic and social sectors at the global, regional and national levels.
Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector (Project fact sheet)
12 May 2016
In collaboration with Germany’s GIZ, the ILO will take up challenges to labour standards and working conditions arising from globalized garment production, focusing on Cambodia, Indonesia and Pakistan. The ILO’s Pakistan Office will work with its tripartite social partners, the Government, Pakistan Workers’ Federation and Employers’ Federation of Pakistan to improve labour market governance and working conditions throughout the globalized supply chain.
07 April 2016
Gender wage inequality remains a considerable challenge in developing Asia’s garment and footwear sector. Some of the pay gap can be attributed to differences in factors such as age and education, but discrimination also appears to be a contributing determinant. Women are also more likely to be at the lower end of the wage ladder.
06 April 2016
Comparative Analysis of Good Practices by Multinational Enterprises in Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains
28 March 2016
This issue of the Bulletin outlines the process and criteria used to adjust Cambodia’s minimum wage. The analysis is based on official statistics, mainly from the Ministry of Commerce, The Cambodia Investment Board, the National Institute of Statistics and the National Bank of Cambodia.
08 February 2016
The scope of this manual is conflict prevention, thus involving the preparation and identification of different steps and processes for social dialogue with an emphasis on the railways sector.
20 January 2016
This research note provides an overview of working hours in the garment sector in major apparel exporting economies. It shows that garment exporters have a range of different limits on normal working hours, overtime work, and penalty rates for overtime, as well as different annual leave and public holidays.
23 December 2015
At its 317th Session in March 2013, the ILO Governing Body instructed the Office to conduct a research study on technological progress in the glass industry and its impact on employment structure in the industry.