The Sectoral Activities Department is the ILO’s repository of knowledge on sector-specific labour and social issues. Research and studies conducted, in line with the ILO’s research policies, deal with emerging and priority issues of strong interest for ILO’s sectoral constituents.

Working Papers, vehicles for disseminating information on a range of topics related to the world of work and the evolution of social and labour policies and practices for a given sector, are regularly published and widely disseminated. Background reports and issues papers, which provide more in-depth analysis on specific issues, are also published for discussion at international tripartite meetings and global dialogue fora.


  1. The glass industry: recent trends and changes in working conditions and employment relations

    23 December 2015

    At its 317th Session in March 2013, the ILO Governing Body instructed the Office to conduct a research study on technological progress in the glass industry and its impact on employment structure in the industry.

  2. Occupational safety and health and skills in the oil and gas industry operating in polar and subarctic climate zones of the northern hemisphere

    21 December 2015

    Report for discussion at the Tripartite Sectoral Meeting on Occupational Safety and Health and Skills in the Oil and Gas Industry Operating in Polar and Subarctic Climate Zones of the Northern Hemisphere (Geneva, 26–29 January 2016)

  3. The Situation of Non-regular Public Employees in Local Government in Japan: focus on Gender

    19 December 2015

    Non-regular public employees in the local governments are increasing rapidly in Japan. According to statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIAC) (2012b), there were 603,582 non-regular public employees as of April 1, 2012, compared to 455,840 from their 2005 survey or an increase of 147,742 (32%) over seven years. Out of that more recent figure, 448,742 (74.2%) were women.

  4. Non-standard working in public services in Germany and the United Kingdom

    19 December 2015

    This paper is focused on those employed in the central civil service and those employed in local and regional government in Germany and the UK.

  5. Non-standard Employment in Government: An Overview from Canada and Brazil

    19 December 2015

    This report reviews the status and the implications of non-standard employment in the government in two countries: Canada and Brazil. Recent research and policy discussions have been focused on the growth of non-standard employment in the private sector in many countries.

  6. HIV and AIDS: Guidelines for the retail sector

    30 November 2015

    The ILO has developed these guidelines to help stakeholders in the retail sector to strengthen their response to HIV and AIDS.

  7. Collective Bargaining in the Public Service in the European Union

    25 November 2015

    The ILO’s Sectoral Policies Department (SECTOR) presents a compilation of practices in collective agreements in the public service in the European Union. This selection shows how the principles of Convention No. 151 have been implemented through legislation and/or collective bargaining.

  8. Good Practices and challenges in Promoting Decent Work in Construction and Infrastructure Projects

    19 October 2015

    Issues paper for discussion at the Global Dialogue Forum on Good Practices and Challenges in Promoting Decent Work in Construction and Infrastructure Projects (Geneva, 19-20 November 2015)

  9. Job evaluation and design of an occupational certification process in the construction industry - Uruguay: Public-Private Partnership

    06 October 2015

    In coordination with employers’ and workers’ representatives, and funded by the Fondo Social de la Construcción, the ILO Inter-American Centre for Knowledge Development in Vocational Training (ILO-CINTERFOR) embarked on an initiative entitled “Job evaluation and design of an occupational certification process in the construction industry”.

  10. Governing labour standards in the Chinese electronics manufacturing industry - Labour market institutions and governance of global production chains: Public-Private Partnership

    06 October 2015

    In the late 1990s and early 2000s various Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) campaigns emerged to fill the gap created by a weakness in relevant ‘hard laws’ and their implementation. Currently, a marked move towards more ‘traditional’ hard law and industrial relations approaches is leading to profound changes in labour market conditions and governance. These are changes that can bring vertical and horizontal chain reactions throughout the global production chain. A better understanding of these consequences is essential to improve the chain and facilitate equitable growth and development.