Policy papers

2015

  1. Extension of Social Security - Working Paper - ESS 51

    Realising the Right to Social Security and the Right to Food. The contribution of national social protection floors towards food security and the realisation of the right to adequate food for all

    30 November 2015

    This paper identifies conceptual synergies and dissonances between food security and income security.

  2. Social Protection Policy Paper. Paper 15

    Social protection for maternity: Key policy trends and statistics

    15 July 2015

    This policy paper: (i) provides a global overview of the organization of maternity cash benefits and maternity care in 188 countries; (ii) analyses trends and recent policies, e.g. extension of maternity protection coverage in a large number of low- and middle-income countries; (iii) describes the negative impacts of fiscal consolidation and adjustment measures in a number of higher-income economies; (iv) presents the costs of a universal benefit to all pregnant women in 57 low and middle income countries; and (v) calls for the expansion of maternity protection to accelerate progress on women’s rights and enhancing the well-being of new mothers, promoting inclusive development and social justice.

2014

  1. Social Protection Policy Paper. Paper 14

    Social protection for children: Key policy trends and statistics

    08 December 2014

    This policy paper: (i) provides a global overview of the organization of child and family benefits in 183 countries; (ii) presents the negative impacts of fiscal consolidation and adjustment measures in a number of higher income economies; (iii) analyses trends and recent policies, e.g. extension of child and family benefit coverage in a large number of low- and middle-income countries; (iv) presents the costs of basic universal child and orphan benefits in 57 low and lower middle income countries; and (v) calls for the expansion of social protection for children and families in pursuit of crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice.

  2. Social Protection Policy Paper. Paper 13

    Addressing the Global Health Crisis: Universal Health Protection Policies

    08 December 2014

    This policy paper (i) examines the dimensions of the global health crisis based on severe deficits in health protection and limited access to needed health care; (ii) presents the extent of the health crisis at global, regional and national level as well as rural/urban divergences within countries and their root causes; (iii) suggests policy options to address the health protection crisis using the framework of national social protection floors by focusing on inclusive legislation and adequate financing as well as making quality services available and providing financial protection; (iv) concludes that progressing towards universal health protection is possible by developing a three step approach that yields highest rates of returns in terms of sustainability, economic growth and equity. The Annexes present global data on total health expenditure, health coverage and skilled health workers for 171 countries.

  3. Social Protection Policy Papers. Paper 12

    Social protection global policy trends 2010-2015. From fiscal consolidation to expanding social protection: Key to crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice.

    18 November 2014

    This policy paper: (i) examines IMF government spending projections for 181 countries, identifying two main phases: fiscal expansion (2008-2009) and fiscal consolidation (2010 onwards); (ii) presents the main adjustment measures considered since 2010 and their adverse socio-economic impacts in both high income and developing countries; (iii) analyses divergent trends in social protection across regions, focusing on the positive expansion of social protection floors in a majority of developing countries; (iv) reviews potential areas of fiscal space for the necessary extension of social protection systems; and (v) presents the developmental arguments to invest in social protection in pursuit of crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice.

  4. Social Protection Policy Papers. Paper 11

    Social protection for older persons: Key policy trends and statistics

    30 September 2014

    This policy paper: (i) provides a global overview of the organization of pension systems, their coverage and benefits, as well as public expenditures on social security, in 178 countries; (ii) analyses trends and recent policies, e.g. extension of coverage in a large number of low- and middle-income countries; (iii) presents the negative impacts of fiscal consolidation and adjustment measures in a number of higher-income economies; and (iv) calls for the expansion of social protection in pursuit of crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice.

  5. Social Protection Policy Papers. Paper 10

    Universal Health Protection: Progress to date and the way forward

    09 September 2014

    This paper proposes policy options based on ILO research and experiences that aim at universal coverage and equitable access to health care. These policy options focus on ensuring the human rights to social security and health and on the rights-based approaches underpinning the need for equity and poverty alleviation. This paper also provides insights into aspects of implementation and related challenges. It includes an overview of ILO concepts, definitions and strategic approaches to achieving socially inclusive and sustainable progress and highlights recent global trends

2012

  1. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 9

    The political economy of pension reforms in times of global crisis. State unilateralism or social dialogue?

    01 January 2012

    This paper examines the political economy of pension reforms in times of economic crisis and its impact on social dialogue and tripartite institutions.

2011

  1. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 8

    Addressing inequities in access to health care for vulnerable groups in countries of the European region

    01 January 2011

    This paper highlights issues that contribute to persisting inequalities in access to health care of vulnerable groups in the broader European region, including countries of the European Union (EU), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), and selected countries of Central Asia.

2009

  1. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 7

    Social Security for All. Investing in social justice and economic development

    01 January 2009

    This paper sets out the policy vision of the ILO that underpins its activities in the context of the Global Campaign on Social Security and Coverage for All.

2008

  1. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 6

    Asia-Pacific Regional High-level Meeting on socially-inclusive strategies to extend social security coverage. New Delhi, India 19-20 May 2008

    01 January 2008

    This publication, prepared by the Social Security Department of the ILO, is the outcome of the Regional Meeting held in New Delhi.

  2. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 5

    Interregional Tripartite Meeting on the future of social security in Arab States. Amman, 6-8 May 2008

    01 January 2008

    This publication, prepared by the Social Security Department of the ILO, is the outcome of the Interregional Tripartite Meeting on the Future of Social Security in Arab States, held in Amman, Jordan, from 6 to 8 May 2008.

  3. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 1

    Social Health Protection. An ILO strategy towards universal access to health care

    01 January 2008

    The affordability of health care is a key issue in most countries. In high-income countries, increasing costs, financial constraints of public budgets and economic considerations regarding international competitiveness have all made social health protection reform a political priority.

  4. Social Security Policy Briefings. Paper 2

    Setting social security standards in a global society. An analysis of present state and practice and of future options for global social security standard setting in the International Labour Organization

    01 January 2008

    This technical paper outlines and analyses the present situation as regards the ratifications of ILO Conventions and the current Campaign on Social Security and Coverage for All, and contains different options of improving the present situation.