Publications and tools


  1. Nepal. Report to the Government. Moving towards a Social Protection Floor in Nepal. An ILO design and cost assessment for five new social insurance schemes for sickness, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, and medical care

    07 September 2016


  2. Nepal. Report to the Government. Moving towards a Social Protection Floor in Nepal. An ILO actuarial study for a new pension scheme for all private sector workers and the self-employed

    07 September 2016


  3. The Right to Social Security in the Constitutions of the World: Broadening the moral and legal space for social justice

    02 September 2016

    ILO Global Study, Volume 1: EUROPE

  4. Extending the social security coverage for farmers in the Republic of Moldova: findings and recommendations based on the social security assessment survey

    28 July 2016

    In the Republic of Moldova, agriculture is a major economic sector. However, farmers and agricultural workers are one of the most disadvantaged groups who are not adequately covered by social security. The extension of coverage to agricultural workers may face various challenges due to the specific vulnerabilities they face. These conditions make it all the more important to provide adequate social protection for this group.

  5. Financial assessment of the proposed reform to the social security system for older persons and a proposed new pension scheme for the herders and self-employed persons

    01 June 2016

    This report analyses some propositions of the reform of the Mongolian pension system. It also presents an analysis of the implementation of a new scheme for herders and self-employed workers. It is important to bear in mind that this report does not constitute an actuarial valuation of the current social security system in Mongolia. Some of the data needed to proceed were not available. Enough information was however available to have a good idea of the magnitude of the recommended options.

  6. A one-stop shop for accessible, transparent and efficient public service delivery

    15 May 2016

    The fact sheet introduces the Mongolian experience for delivering social protection and employment services through the one-stop-shop.

  7. Protecting people and the environment. Lessons learnt from Brazil's Bolsa Verde, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, South Africa and 56 other experiences

    05 May 2016

    This working paper provides an overview of 56 Payments for Environmental Services (PES) experiences in 19 countries from the global south that combine social protection and environmental objectives within one programme.

  8. Report to the Government: Assessment of the social security legislation for the ratification of the Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

    24 March 2016

    This report contains a detailed legal assessment of existing social security provisions taking into account the requirements of Convention No. 102, and is intended to serve as a reference in view of a possible future ratification of Convention No. 102 by Mongolia. It formulates a number of recommendations and, on the basis of the analysis with the information made available to the ILO at the time of preparing this report, concludes that Mongolia is indeed in a position to ratify the Convention by meeting its minimum requirements.

  9. ILO Global Business Network on Social Protection Floors

    14 March 2016

    Today nearly 73 per cent of the world’s population lack access to adequate social protection coverage. The establishment of social protection floors (SPFs) requires a strong political will from the government and social partners, and private sector enterprises can help promote them. There are many reasons why private-sector companies and their representative business associations may wish to be involved in discussions on balanced and sustainable public social protection policies and their implementation at the country level.

  10. Social protection for domestic workers: Key policy trends and statistics

    10 March 2016

    This policy paper: (i) provides an overview of the global situation of social security provisions for domestic workers in 163 countries; (ii) analyses trends, policies and gaps in terms of legal and effective social security coverage for domestic workers; (iii) describes and analyses the configuration of social security schemes for domestic workers, such as their institutional organization, financing and administration; (iv) informs on challenges to extending coverage; and (v) provides a compilation and description of international practices of social security schemes for the domestic work sector, including comparative information.

  11. Practical Options for the Extension of Social Protection Coverage in Zambia: Domestic Workers

    07 March 2016

    This report provides an overview of the nature and extent of social security benefits for domestic workers in Zambia and explores perception of benefits and willingness to contribute from both domestic workers and employers’ perspectives.

  12. Extension of Social Protection to Workers in the Informal Economy in Zambia

    04 March 2016

    The summary report proposes strategic options to extend social protection to workers in the informal economy in Zambia.It summarizes the lessons learnt across four field research studies on domestic workers, small scale farmers, saw mill workers and construction workers who are usually excluded from any form of social protection.


  1. Rwanda. Feasibility study of the introduction of a new maternity cash benefits scheme in Rwanda

    01 December 2015


  2. Costa Rica. Informe sobre la Validación de la Valuación Actuarial del Régimen de Invalidez, Vejez y Muerte (RIVM) efectuada por la Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS)

    01 December 2015

    OIT/TF/Costa Rica/R.6

  3. Realising the Right to Social Security and the Right to Food. The contribution of national social protection floors towards food security and the realisation of the right to adequate food for all

    30 November 2015

    This paper identifies conceptual synergies and dissonances between food security and income security.

  4. National experiences in building social protection floors. India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

    30 November 2015

    This study reviews the legislation and implementation of the Indian Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the light of the provisions of Recommendation No. 202.

  5. The decade of adjustment. A review of austerity trends 2010-2020 in 187 countries

    30 November 2015

    This paper: (i) examines the latest IMF government spending projections for 187 countries between 2005 and 2020; (ii) reviews 616 IMF country reports in 183 countries to identify the main adjustment measures considered by governments in both high-income and developing countries; (iii) applies the United Nations Global Policy Model to simulate the impact of expenditure consolidation on growth and employment; (iv) discusses the threats of austerity to welfare and social progress; and (v) calls for urgent action by governments to adopt alternative and equitable policies for socio-economic recovery.

  6. Bangladesh. Technical note. Comparison between employment injury provisions in the Labour Act and standard provisions of an employment injury insurance scheme

    26 November 2015


  7. Bangladesh. Rana Plaza Compensation Scheme. Technical report on the scheme design and operationalization, and lessons learnt

    26 November 2015


  8. The state of social protection in ASEAN at the dawn of integration

    25 November 2015

    The ASEAN Declaration on Strengthening Social Protection channels a growing consensus in the region that the establishment of Social Protection Floors is fundamental for reducing poverty and inequality and promoting inclusive and sustainable growth.