The National Youth Employment Action Plan (NYEAP) whose drafting started in January 2010 was announced to public on 16 November 2011 in Ankara during the meeting, “Decent Work for Young People: Turkey’s National Youth Employment Action Plan”.
Turkey’s first National Youth Employment Action Plan has been prepared under the United Nations Joint Programme “Decent Work for All: The National Youth Employment Programme and the Antalya Pilot Region Application”. The aim of the Action Plan is to increase the employment of young people and women, who are among the disadvantaged groups in the labour market, and to achieve their integration into economic and social life.
The Action Plan, prepared by the National Technical Team coordinated by the Turkish Employment Organization (İŞKUR), consists of 3 main parts: Labour Market Situation Analysis, Policy Recommendations, and the Action Plan Matrix including concrete measures to be implemented by İŞKUR until 2015 in cooperation with relevant institutions and organizations.
Under this Action Plan, created using the International Labour Organization (ILO) ‘Guide for the preparation of National Action Plans on Youth Employment’, and covering about 12 million young people aged 15 to 24, concrete results have been identified towards the following 3 main objectives:
- Improving the institutional capacity of İŞKUR to increase youth employment,
- Strengthening the link between education and employment, and
- Contribution of İŞKUR to job creation.
In the National Youth Employment Action Plan to be implemented by İŞKUR in cooperation with relevant organizations, some of the prominent objectives are as follows:
- Starting from the slogan “A counsellor for every unemployed person”, İŞKUR will recruit 4,000 Job and Occupational Counsellors over the next 2 years and increase its number of staff to 8,000 as a minimum by 2015.
- Job and Occupational Counsellors will meet with businesses and identify vacant jobs and ensure that unemployed young people are directed to vacant jobs suitable for their qualifications. Persons without suitable qualifications will be subjected to vocational training and provided with the qualifications required by these jobs.
- Courses on women’s rights and gender equality will be added to the curricula of the vocational training programmes conducted within İŞKUR.
- A Youth Employment Monitoring and Assessment Board will be created and the participation of the relevant organizations and social partners will be ensured.
- Unemployed young people with disabilities will be reached more effectively and the number of “unemployed young people with disabilities” participating in vocational training courses will increase by 10 % as a minimum every year until 2015.
- 20 % of those who receive entrepreneurship training will consist of young people.
The National Technical Team who prepared the National Youth Employment Action Plan included representatives of the Turkish Employment Organization, the Ministry of National Education, the Ministry of Development, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, the Turkish Statistical Institute, the Confederations of Workers’ Unions TÜRK-İŞ, HAK-İŞ and DİSK, the Confederation of Employers’ Unions TİSK, and the Youth Employment Association. The National Technical Team also included two academics, one of whom was an agricultural economist and the other a labour economist.
The International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which, together with İŞKUR, conducted the UN Joint Programme, financed under the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund, provided technical support to the National Technical Team in the Action Plan development process on issues such as employment policies, gender equality, poverty reduction, migration management, and agricultural employment, through workshops, training seminars, overseas study visits, and reports prepared by various experts.
The National Youth Employment Action Plan in figures
While preparing the National Youth Employment Action Plan:
- 12 National Technical Team meetings were held;
- 3 capacity building activities/training seminars were organized;
- 1 overseas study visit was carried out;
- 3 countries and 7 cities were visited; and
- About 11,135 kilometres were travelled.
In the Action Plan Matrix, which includes 32 policy recommendations and operational measures to increase youth employment:
21 outputs, 46 indicators and 51 activities have been defined.
- 6 objectives and 18 outcomes under 3 overall objectives; and