What is gender analysis?
Exercise: Gender needs
Tool: Identification of needs profile
Tool: Participatory Exercise in Gender Analysis: Needs Assessment
Because the roles of men and women in societies are often different, their needs vary accordingly.
Caroline Moser makes the conceptual distinction between practical
and strategic gender needs. She defines these two types of needs
|Practical gender needs
|are the needs women identify in their socially accepted roles in society. PGNs do not challenge, although they arise out of, gender divisions of labour and women’s subordinate position in society. PGNs are a response to immediate perceived necessity, identified within a specific context. They are practical in nature and often inadequacies in living conditions such as water provision, health care and employment.|
|Strategic gender needs
|are the needs women identify because of their subordinate position in society. They vary according to particular contexts, related to gender divisions of labour, power and control, and may include such issues as legal rights, domestic violence, equal wages, and women’s control over their bodies. Meeting SGNs assists women to achieve greater equality and change existing roles, thereby challenging women’s subordinate position.|
The following exercise clarifies differences between types of gender needs that various policy interventions meet. It is a useful planning tool for classifying planning interventions in terms of which types of gender needs they seek to address.
Gender needs assessment
The following tool, the Identification of Needs Profile, helps you identify gender-based differences in men and women’s needs. It also helps you classify these needs as either practical or strategic gender needs.
Identification of needs profile
The following tool is a participatory exercise that may be used when conducting gender analysis with the participation of client communities. It helps assess gender-based differences in needs.
Participatory Exercise in Gender Analysis: Needs Assessment