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Liberia

Liberia got its independence from American Colonization Society in July 26, 1847 and got its constitution on January 6, 1986.

Liberia has a land area of 111,369 sq. km. (43,000 sq. mi.) It is a country in West Africa that suffered from years of instability and conflict from 1990-2003, with attendant destruction of buildings, roads, infrastructure and public institutions. A comprehensive peace accord ended the conflict in August 2003 and a United Nations peacekeeping force (UNMIL) was deployed to facilitate disarmament and demobilization, help arrange democratic elections and provide for security of the country. In late 2005, Liberians went to the polls and elected Ellen Johnson Sirleaf as president. The new government was inaugurated in January 2006, and has made tremendous progress towards restoring security and stability to the country.

Despite the effort of the government of Liberia and international organizations, Liberia is still one of the poorest countries in the world and many basic services (public power, water and sewage, land line phones) are either limited or unavailable. Facilities for foreign visitors are adequate in the capital, Monrovia, but virtually non-existent in the rest of the country. Liberia has a population of about 3.49 million (estimated 2008). The official language of Liberia is English. There are 16 indigenous languages. Literacy rate (2003) is 20%. Life expectancy (2005) is put at 42.5 years. 70% of the workforce is found in agricultural sector; 15% in industry; 2% in services. 15% of the total workforce is found in the formal sector.


 
Last update:29.05.2012 ^ top