|Worker Insecurities in Ukrainian Industry:
The 1999 ULFS
Guy Standing and László Zsoldos, April 2000
This is the first report of results from the sixth round of the Ukrainian Enterprise Labour Flexibility Survey, carried out in 1999. The ULFS is the first comprehensive assessment of what is happening in the industrial labour market of this major European country of 50 million people. It tells a worrying story, about factories struggling to survive and produce, about workers in their many thousands faced by chronic insecurity, affected by wage cuts, "wage arrears", loss of benefits, and so-called "administrative leave", while threatened by the fact that those factories have already lost many thousands of jobs. Four out of every five factories have not been paying their workers' wages. Thanks are due to the Ukrainian Ministry of Statistics, which was responsible for the fieldwork, Nadezhda Grigorovich and Natalya Vlasenko, colleagues in UNDP, Kiev, which helped finance the survey, and Igor Chernyshev, of the ILO's Bureau of Labour Statistics.
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