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    Civil engineers conduct research and advise on, design, and direct construction, and manage the operation and maintenance of civil engineering structures, or study and advise on technological aspects of particular materials.

    Tasks include:

    (a) conducting research and developing new or improved theories and methods related to civil engineering;

    (b) advising on and designing structures such as bridges, dams, docks, roads, airports, railways, canals, pipelines, waste- disposal and flood-control systems, and industrial and other large buildings;

    (c) determining and specifying construction methods, materials and quality standards, and directing construction work;

    (d) establishing control systems to ensure efficient functioning of structures as well as safety and environmental protection;

    (e) locating and correcting malfunctions;

    (f) organising and directing maintenance and repair of existing structures;

    (g) studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials;

    (h) maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialists;

    (i) preparing scientific papers and reports;

    (j) performing related tasks;

    (k) supervising other workers.

    Examples of the occupations classified here:

  • Engineer, civil

  • Engineer, civil/aerodrome construction

  • Engineer, civil/bridge construction

  • Engineer, civil/building construction

  • Engineer, civil/highway and street construction

  • Technologist, building materials

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 Updated 10 August 2004, by VA.