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    Geologists and geophysicists conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to geology and geophysics in such fields as oil, gas and mineral exploitation, water conservation, civil engineering, telecommunications and navigation.

    Tasks include:

    (a) conducting research and improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods related to geology and geophysics;

    (b) studying composition and structure of the earth's crust, examining rocks, minerals, fossil remains, etc., to determine processes affecting the development of the earth, trace evolution of past life and establish nature and chronology of geological formations;

    (c) interpreting research data and preparing geological reports, maps, charts and diagrams;

    (d) applying results of research to assess development potential of mineral, gas and oil deposits and underground water resources;

    (e) applying geological knowledge to problems encountered in civil engineering projects such as the construction of dams, bridges, tunnels and large buildings;

    (f) investigating and measuring seismic, gravitational, electrical, thermal and magnetic forces affecting the earth;

    (g) investigating and measuring optical and acoustic phenomena in the atmosphere;

    (h) estimating weight, size and mass of the earth and composition and structure of its interior, and studying the nature and activity of volcanoes, glaciers and earthquakes;

    (i) charting the earth's magnetic field and applying this and other collected data for purposes of broadcasting and navigation;

    (j) studying and measuring physical properties of seas and the atmosphere and their inter-relationship, such as the exchange of thermal energy;

    (k) locating and determining the nature and extent of oil, gas and mineral deposits and of ground-water resources, using seismological, gravimetric, magnetic, electrical or radiometric methods;

    (l) preparing scientific papers and reports;

    (m) performing related tasks;

    (n) supervising other workers.

    Examples of the occupations classified here:

  • Geologist

  • Geophysicist

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 Updated 10 August 2004, by VA.