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    Physicists and astronomers conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to physics and astronomy in industrial, medical, military or other fields.

    Tasks include:

    (a) conducting research, and improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods related to physics and astronomy-.

    (b) conducting experiments, tests and analyses in fields such as mechanics, thermodynamics, optics, sonics, electricity, magnetism, electronics and nuclear physics, or astronomy;

    (c) conducting experiments, tests and analyses of the structure and properties of matter in solid state and its behaviour under temperature, pressure, stress and other conditions;

    (d) evaluating results of investigations and experiments and expressing conclusions, mainly using mathematical techniques and models;

    (e) developing or improving industrial, medical, military and other practical applications of the principles and techniques of physics or astronomy'.

    (f) observing, analysing and interpreting celestial phenomena and developing methods and techniques to be used in fields such as navigation or space exploration;

    (g) preparing scientific papers and reports;

    (h) performing related tasks;

    (i) supervising other workers.

    Examples of the occupations classified here:

  • Astronomer

  • Physicist

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 Updated 10 August 2004, by VA.