Japan is a founding member State of the ILO, and a valued partner in promoting the Decent Work Agenda, and has ratified 49 Conventions, including 6 Fundamental, 3 Governance and 40 Technical Conventions. Japan holds one of the ten permanent government seats on the ILO Governing Body as a State of Chief Industrial Importance. Since opening in 1919, the ILO-Japan office in Tokyo has facilitated the partnership between ILO and Japan.
Japan’s strategic contributions to the ILO
Japan funds the ILO through:
- Assessed contributions paid by all ILO member States by virtue of their membership, which constitute the ILO’s core funding or regular budget. With more than US$ 163.2 million provided between 2015 and 2018, Japan is the second largest contributor to the ILO’s regular budget.
- Voluntary, non-core funding contributions provided as earmarked funds for priority programmes and projects in addition to assessed contributions. Between 2015 and 2018, it amounted to US$ 17.1 million.
The Japan-ILO partnership
Japan has a long-standing relationship with the ILO in the field of development cooperation, establishing itself as a key partner in the promotion of social justice and decent work, especially in Asia and the Pacific. Japan supports the ILO´s mandate by contributing to both its core budget and its development cooperation programmes. The ILO works closely with Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, as its governmental constituent.
The collaboration aims primarily to support fair globalization, contributing to poverty reduction, advancing occupational safety and health, promoting international labour standards and social dialogue. Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare provides strategic funding to implement programmes in Asia and the Pacific, aimed at making the world of work a better place for all. The Ministry further supports the regional Skills and Employability Programme, the ILO International Training Centre in Turin, and the Social Safety Nets Fund.
Further support to development cooperation activities is provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, both directly and through the UN Trust Fund for Human Security. The cooperation extends primarily to livelihood-oriented emergency response to both humanitarian and environmental crises. The ILO also collaborates with the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for technical interventions in the Pacific.
Japan's support to ILO interventions
Japan’s development cooperation priorities Japan contributes proactively to the peace, stability and prosperity of the international community. The priority areas within Japanese development assistance are:
- Poverty reduction and quality growth: education, health and population, water and sanitation, agriculture and rural development, infrastructures and ICT.
- Peace building and humanitarian assistance
- Resilient international community: environment, energy, climate change and disaster risk reduction
- Gender equality and human security. Japan’s development cooperation strives to address these priority areas to achieve quality growth through the development of infrastructure and human resources.