For those who leave, migration is an important livelihood strategy. Their remittances enable those who stay behind to make ends meet. However, in receiving economies, migration is often characterized by high risks and poor employment conditions. Inflows of migrants can generate downward pressure on wages, sub-standard working and living conditions, and create the conditions for forced labour.
The ILO is working with governments in India and across South Asia on policies to reduce the vulnerability of migrants, especially women and girls, in both source and destination countries. These measures include upholding migrants’ rights, and fair recruitment regulations and practices. In source countries they include policies that link migration with human security, local economic development and social protection; and in countries of destination, labour market policies, workers’ rights and access to justice.
Promoting the Effective Governance of Labour Migration from South Asia through Actions on Labour Market Information, Protection during Recruitment and Employment, Skills and Development Impact
The Project aims to promote the management of labour migration from South Asia, to ensure effective protection of the rights of vulnerable migrant workers, enhance the development impact of labour migration and reduce irregular flows.
From India to the Gulf region: Exploring links between labour markets, skills and the migration cycle
This report examines the linkages between labour demand, its relationship to skills and the impact of the recruitment process on these aspects with a focus on migration from India to the GCC.
The statistical study provides estimates of the proportion of labour migrant workers among the total number of migrants worldwide. It outlines the regions and industries where international migrant workers are established and includes a specific focus on migrants in domestic work with updated numbers.
A database of good practices in labour migration policies and programmes over the world
The research guide points you to the most relevant and reliable sources on Labour migration.