Tajikistan: ILO Methodology Helps Assess the Needs of Labour Market

On 26 February, the Labour and Employment Agency under the Ministry of Labour, Migration and Employment of the Republic of Tajikistan, supported by the International Labour Organization’s Project “Applying the G20 Training Strategy,” present the key findings of a survey which was conducted to evaluate the need for labour of various competences in the Republic’s three districts: Sughd and Khatlon regions and the capital city of Dushanbe.

News | 26 February 2016
The findings of the survey were presented to at a round table conference in Dushanbe. Addressing the cross-section of the country’s expert community and society at large, Minister of Labour, Migration and Employment of the Republic of Tajikistan Sumangul Said Tagoyzoda said in her opening remarks that her Ministry fully supported the survey, which she said was important to identify the new competencies and skills in demand on the labour market. “We must work even more closely with employers to strengthen the vocational training system of the country and ensure sustainable employment and improve the quality of education,” the Minister said.

Taking part in the round table conference were over forty representatives of the Ministries of Economy and Trade, Statistics, Education, the Construction Committee, the social partners (the Employers’ Union of Tajikistan and the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Tajikistan), international development partners, union representatives from Sughd and Khatlon regions and vocational education and training professionals.

The aim of this study was to determine the employers’ needs for labour force of various skills and competencies and develop measures to adjust the programmes and curricula of vocational education and training institutions to match the actual needs of business.

To be comprehensive, the survey needed to rely on various and reliable data sources. These included both official data (national census, labour force survey and government statistics), and alternative sources (the assessment of poverty level and various other studies). Also, forecasts and projections were collected from the three line ministries, and individual surveys were conducted among employers, heads of vocational lyceums and their graduates, and among experts. Altogether, taking part in the survey were 700 employers in three sectors of the economy – the processing industry, construction and electricity, gas and water supply.

According to Niezbek Kurbanov, Deputy Director of the Labour and Employment Agency, the latter would benefit from the application of the survey’s methodology enabling his agency to receive on a regular basis updates on the real need of the labour market. “This information is very important for the improvement of the vocational training system in the country,” he said. “The Ministry of Labour will certainly consider  the recommendations of the study while developing the approaches to improving the country’s vocational training and adult education systems.”

This survey is a pilot project, implemented in Tajikistan for the first time. Its operational tools were developed on the basis of ILO methodology, with the assistance from international experts. Non-governmental organization “Information and Research Centre “Sotzservis” and ILO’s international experts from Spain and Russian Federation have provided organizational support and expertise in conducting the survey and processing its data. The preliminary findings of the survey were discussed at the tripartite meeting last October (for coverage, see page 8 of this Newsletter’s issue No. 4 (63) for 2015). The comments and suggestions made during that discussion were taken into account while preparing the survey.

In their closing marks, experts of Tajikistan’s government agencies expressed their profound satisfaction with the outcome of the survey. The participants in the round table stressed its importance for streamlining the national data collection and analysis system, improving the management of the country’s human resources, enhancing the employers’ vision and developing new standards for vocational education and training in the country.