Areas of work

  1. International Labour Standards

    Development of international standards governing conditions of work and employment was the reason for the creation of the ILO and remains its main means of action. International labour standards derive their authority from their adoption by the International Labour Conference, a body in which governments, employers and workers from virtually all countries of the world are represented.

  2. Employment

    Encouraging decent employment opportunities is one of the main ILO aims, and the promotion of greater employment and income opportunities for women and men is the ILO Strategic Objective. The key ILO instruments underlying this objective are the Employment Policy Convention (ILO Convention 122, 1964) and its accompanying Recommendation.

  3. Enterprises development

    Enterprises are crucial in the creation of jobs. They are the main sources of income and wealth worldwide. A well functioning private sector leads to economic growth and prosperity, reducing poverty and income inequalities. ILO recognizes that productive, responsible, profitable and sustainable enterprises are imperative to sustainable economic development and to create more and better jobs. The creation of an institutional and economic environment is an integral component of the Decent Work Agenda and ILO’s constitutional mandate.

  4. Wages

    Wages are among the most important conditions of work and a major subject of collective bargaining. The ILO is committed to promoting policies on wages and incomes that ensure a just share of the fruits of progress to all and a minimum living wage for all employed in need of such protection. In order to do so it undertakes research and provides evidence-based policy advice on minimum wages, public sector pay, wage bargaining, gender pay gaps, protection of wages including prevention and settlement of wages arrears and other wage-related issues.

  5. Workers' and Employers' organizations

    Trade unions are one of the most numerous and influential public organizations in the region. Only under responsibility area of the ILO Moscow Office there are more than 50 million members of trade unions.

  6. Social protection

    Social security is a powerful tool to ensure minimum living standards, combat causes and effects of poverty, and facilitate smooth income redistribution from working years to retirement.

  7. Occupational safety and health (OSH)

    Safe working conditions are a basic human right and a fundamental part of Decent Work.The ILO estimates that over 2.3 million workers in the world die each year from work–related accidents and diseases, and four per cent of the global Gross Domestic Product are lost due to accidents and poor working conditions. For the CIS countries, about 12 million men and women become victims of occupational accidents every year.

  8. Child labour

    The ILO’s Global Report on Child Labour suggests an overall decline in the number of children working in transition economies in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Economic growth and poverty reduction linked with political commitment to combating child labour have led to significant progress. The ratification rate of both of the ILO Child Labour Conventions has been encouraging. All 10 countries of the region have ratified both fundamental ILO Conventions No. 138 and No. 182.

  9. Gender equality

    Just as the countries of the region are at different stages of economic development, they also have different contexts and challenges concerning equality between women and men. However, there are some common trends reflecting the status of men and women on the labour market and their expected roles, based on values and traditions in society and within the family.

  10. HIV/AIDS

    In Eastern Europe and Central Asia 1,4 million people are living with HIV. The number of new infections diagnosed each year continues to steadily increase, with no sign of the epidemic having reached its peak. Russian Federation has witnessed an increase of new HIV infections with a prevalence rate among adult population (15-49 y.o.) exceeding 1 per cent. 80 per cent of people living with HIV in the CIS countries are in the age group 15 to 49 years old, thus economically active in the labour market, and 75 per cent are under 30 years of age, as compared to 33 per cent in Western Europe. The major modes of HIV transmission are injecting drug use. This is due in large part to the existence of drug trafficking routes through the countries of Central Asia.

  11. Labour migration

    Labour migration is an increasingly important social and economic phenomenon in the region. The largest country, the Russian Federation, is a significant destination for migrants from both Central Asian and the South Caucasus, with 1.1 million migrant workers having been registered since the implementation of the new Russian immigration legislation in 2007. Kazakhstan is also a significant destination country within the region. Labour migrants often work in the informal sector, where the lack of legal protection and insufficient information about the rights they do have make them vulnerable to exploitation and abuse from recruiters, employers, and authorities. They are also exposed to abuses resulting from xenophobia and racism.