As Georgia continues to shake off the legacy of the Soviet Union, corruption and abuse of power continue to foster a strong sentiment of fear and opposition among key government and business actors. The labour Code adopted in 2006 dismantled the Labour Inspectorate and the Employment Agency and dissolved the Georgia Labour Administration. Since 2012, the newly elected Government is attempting to take steps towards a Labour Regime in compliance with International Labour Standards.
The project is supporting this process. On one hand, the project supports the Government of Georgia, including mediators, future labour inspectors, judges and legal practitioners to ensure compliance with labour laws and respect International Labour Standards (ILS). On the other, the project supports workers’ organizations to improve their capacities in representing workers’ rights and interests and fosters national tripartite social dialogue.
I think that this project is playing a very important role in the process of establishing correct case law in Georgia. Judges are provided with the opportunity to pay special attention to the international legal requirements that are necessary to regulate employment relations. Eventually, this will promote the development of accurate case law. First results of this project are already reflected in the Supreme Court Practice, and it shall be assessed in a positive manner."Teimuraz Todria, Judge of the Supreme Court of Georgia, 2005-2015
Selected key achievements so far:
- On 2 November 2017, Georgia ratified ILO Convention No. 144 concerning Tripartite Consultations to Promote the Implementation of International Labour Standards. This was the result of a long term ILO engagement to support Social Dialogue in the country and following a tripartite consensus brokered at an ILO supported strategic retreat of the Tripartite Social Partnership Commission (TSPC) in 2016.
- The Parliament with ILO inputs and assistance, produced a road map as well as an action plan for Georgia to meet its commitments in the field of labour, which was presented at the High level conference "Agenda for Change" on 9 November 2017.
- A Labour law Manual for Judges and Legal Practicioners was launched.
- Information and awareness raising tools on the Labour Code have been made available to workers and employers, through the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs (MOLHSA) website and the MOLHSA hotline.
- 40% of mediation cases held in Georgia between 2014 and 2016 resulted in an agreement. Intensive training has been provided by the project to mediators over this period.
- 60 judges and 60 legal practitioners have been trained on ILS and Georgian Labour Code and selected judges have started training their peers.
- “Flying bargaining teams” composed of negotiators and labour relations officers provide support to trade unions at sector and local level for the negotiation and application of collective agreements, the prevention and resolution of labour disputes and the reporting of violations of union/labour rights.
- The first Public Awareness Campaign for the purposes of organizing took place in the Transport Sector following support provided to the Georgian Trade Union Confederation (GTUC).
- The ILO commissioned two Labour Inspection assessments (in 2014 and 2016) which resulted in identifying actions required to establish a labour inspection system in accordance with the Labour Inspection Convention , 1947 (No. 81).
- Technical advice is being provided on legal, operational, institutional and other challenges facing the establishment of a labour inspection system in compliance with C81.
- The ILO has organized/run workshops on various subject matters to enhance the knowledge and skills of the staff in the Labour Conditions Inspection Department, MOLHSA.
- Mentoring of young emerging union leaders has taken place for them to effectively exercise growing influence and occupy key functions in GTUC.