Fact sheet

Work in Freedom Project Phase 2 Nepal Brief

Brief on the "Work in Freedom" Programme Phase 2 in Nepal. This document provides an overview of the Work in Freedom programme in Nepal.

The Work in Freedom is an integrated programme to support mobility by choice among women and girls from source countries (India, Bangladesh and Nepal) to decent jobs with safety and dignity of workers in destination countries (India, Lebanon, Jordan, Oman, and Kuwait) through fair recruitment processes.The programme in the targetted countries will address key drivers and vulnerabilities of human trafficking, such as (a) gender and other forms of discrimination, distress migration and poor working and living conditions, through an integrated prevention strategy of (1) targeted social protection and empowerment, (2) fair recruitment practices and (3) and evidence based policy advocacy for decent work options. This document provides a brief overview of the strategy and work in Nepal under the programme.

In South Asia and West Asia, women’s occupations have traditionally tended to be ascribed to the world of subsistence and reproductive care. Women’s work, whether undertaken within or outside of households, has tended to be unrecognized, unpaid or lowly remunerated. It also often carries negative social stigma when it is outside of the household. While women in South Asia seeking paid work have traditionally been employed in agriculture work (ILO, 2016), in both South Asia and Arab States, the largest emerging sectors of paid work include the care sector and the garment and textiles sector. Both of these highly gender segregated types of occupations often require some sort of dislocation where women workers are required to travel some distance away from their homes after which their mobility tends to be constrained around the workplace. Challenges persist with regard to ensuring better working conditions for women workers; accountability of recruitment for decent work and gender sensitive approaches to social protection, mobility and labour.