Child labour refers to any work that deprives children off their childhood and their right to education, health, safety and moral development based on the ILO standards on child labour are defined by the ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) and the Worst Form of Child Labour Convention, 1999, (No. 182).
Though child labour is declining at the rate of 100,000 every year, Nepal still accounts for 1.6 million children between (5-17 year) in child labour. Of these 621,000 are estimated to be engaged in hazardous work. Estimates suggest that sixty per cent of children in hazardous workplace are girls (373,000).
Read more: ILO Fact Sheet-Nepal
Nepal was one of the second generations of countries to be selected for the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) in 1995 followed by a number of other programmes till date. The Decent Work Country Programmes (DWCP) are the main vehicle for delivery of ILO support to countries. Child labour is an integral component of the DWCP Nepal and remains high on Nepal Government’s agenda.
The current project “Towards Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour as Priority" (ACHIEVE), funded by the Embassy of Demark in Nepal has two clear focus: (1) to strengthen the national and local capacities especially of the Governmental Ministries, local bodies and social partners (workers' and employers' organisations) to support the policy environment towards elimination of child labour, and 2) to create child labour free zones through the integrated area-based approach.