Nepal was one of the second generations of countries to be selected for the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) in 1995 followed by the support programme on Time-Bound Programme on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour until 2006. The Government of Nepal constituted a National Steering Committee on Child Labour in 1995 to promote conditions to enable progressively prohibit, restrict and regulate child labour with a view to its ultimate elimination, and increase awareness in the national and international community of the consequences and solutions to the child labour problem.
Since its inception in 1995, several action programmes and mini-programmes were implemented in various districts in collaboration with ILO's constituents, non-government organizations, educational institutions, research organizations, media and districts and municipal bodies. The ILO is technically supporting Nepal in the prevention and elimination of child labour, bonded labour, trafficking and worst forms of child labour. A Master Plan on Child Labour for the elimination of child labour has been produced and adopted to eliminate the worst forms of child labour by 2009 and other form by 2014 in 2004.
The ILO/IPEC Project on Sustainable Elimination of Child Bonded Labour in Nepal (SECBL–II) was implemented to address two systems of bonded labour in Nepal - the Kamaiya and the Haruwa/Charuwa system. Children of families living under the Kamaiya or Haruwa/Charuwa systems either work under bondage or have been identified as being at risk of entering into the worst forms of child labour. The project focused on the prevention, withdrawal and rehabilitation, including income generation and vocational training to the employable children and their families. The project worked with various NGOs and ILO Constituents including the Ministry of Land Reform and Management to transfer the society without child bonded labour. The project was started in September 2006 and completed in September 2010.
At present, the ILO/IPEC Project on “Support to the Implementation of the Nepal’s National Master Plan (2011-2020) on the Elimination of Child Labour” is being implemented with the financial assistance from the Government of Denmark. The project aims at providing direct support to the Child Labour Elimination Section (CLES) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE) towards the effective implementation of a number National Master Plan (2011-2020) driven actions. It aims at collaborating closely with the CLES and engaging the social partners, local and international NGOs working in Nepal, relevant agencies and groups and the donors in policy initiatives and capacity building efforts for child labour elimination. The objectives are pursued through a consultative and participatory process under the leadership of the CLES, building on knowledge and tools available and informed by ILO-IPEC and other experiences from within and outside the country. The Project was started in August 2011 and will be completed in December 2012.