Monitoring and assessing progress of decent work
Since 1999 the promotion of decent work, defined as “productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity”, has become the main objective of the ILO. The 2008 ILO Declaration on Social Justice and a Fair Globalization reaffirmed the commitment of Member States to promote decent work based on the four equally important strategic objectives, namely promoting employment, developing and enhancing measures of social protection (social security and labour protection), promoting social dialogue and tripartism, and respecting, promoting and realizing the fundamental principles and rights at work. In recent years, the objective of decent work has been consistently highlighted in European Commission (EC) and European Union (EU) policy statements.
Monitoring and assessing progress towards decent work at the country-level is a long-standing concern for the ILO and its constituents. Against this background, the 2008 Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization details that member States may consider “the establishment of appropriate indicators or statistics, if necessary with the assistance of the ILO, to monitor and evaluate the progress made” (Paragraph II.B.ii.). In the past, countries have repeatedly called for ILO technical cooperation to support their efforts to monitor and assess progress towards decent work.
The European Consensus on Development indicated that “the EU will contribute to strengthening the social dimensions of globalization, promoting employment and decent work for all” and that “the Community will promote decent work for all in line with the ILO agenda”. Various communications have also highlighted that the EC support for decent work is a means to promote European values and a European model of development which combines economic competitiveness and social justice. Decent work has become a widely shared goal, beyond the ILO and the EU.
Developing and transition countries have endorsed the objective of decent work and have developed (or are in the process of developing) their own country-owned decent work strategies. International endorsement of the decent work objective was also expressed at the 2005 World Summit, where Heads of State resolved to make the goals of full and productive employment and decent work for all “a central objective of our relevant national and international policies as well as our national development strategies, including poverty reduction strategies, as part of our efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals”. The 2006 Ministerial Declaration of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) also underscored the importance of decent work and called for the whole multilateral system to mainstream the goals of full employment and decent work in their policies, programmes and activities. Europe Aid is actively contributing to raise awareness and enhance understanding of decent work and employment concepts among all EC delegations in the world.
With funding from the European Union, the project “Monitoring and Assessing Progress on Decent Work (MAP)” will help to address this need. Over a period of four years (2009 to 2012), the project will work with government agencies (including Ministries of Labour), National Statistical Offices, workers’ and employers’ organisations and research institutions to strengthen the capacity of developing and transition countries to self-monitor and self-assess progress towards decent work.
The project covers ten countries in all major regions, including two countries in Africa (Niger and Zambia), four in Asia (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam or Thailand), two in Europe (Russia and Ukraine) and two in Latin America (Brazil and Peru). Through the regional activities, the global methodology will be disseminated beyond the project countries. The project is implemented by the Policy Integration Department (INTEGRATION) in close collaboration with the Department of Statistics (STATISTICS) and other technical units; regional, sub-regional and country offices; and the ILO’s International Training Centre in Turin.
The overall objective of the project is the realisation of decent work as a contribution to social justice and reducing poverty and income inequality in developing and transition countries. For achieving this goal, the project supports the development of a global methodology to strengthen the capacity of developing and transition countries to self-monitor and self-assess progress towards decent work.
Specific objective is the development – in support of the global decent work policy agenda – of a global methodology to strengthen the capacity of developing and transition countries to self-monitor and self-assess progress towards decent work.
The project will facilitate the identification of decent work indicators that are relevant at the national level (within the framework discussed at the Tripartite Meeting of Experts on the Measurement of Decent Work held in September 2008); support data collection; and use the collected data for an integrated policy analysis of decent work in order to make them relevant for policy-making.
Project activities include:
- The preparation of background country-studies;
- National consultation workshops to identify decent work indicators;
- Regional workshops on decent work indicators;
- Support to national statistical offices or other relevant institutions;
- The preparation of in-depth country-studies on decent work;
- National meetings of researchers and policy makers to disseminate the results of country- studies;
- Training and knowledge-sharing workshops; and
- The production of a manual on the “global methodology to self-monitor and self-assess progress towards decent work”.
- Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration
- Central Board of Statistics
- Indonesian Employers’ Association (Apindo)
- Trade unions
- Research institutions concerned with data collection and analysis on decent work