Background and ObjectiveFighting against violence and harassment in the world of work is at the heart of the ILO’s efforts. As enshrined in the Declaration of Philadelphia, human beings have the right “to pursue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security and equal opportunity”. Violence and harassment in the world of work is therefore the antithesis of decent work. It is a threat to the dignity, health and well-being of those who experience it and their families. It undermines working environments and labour relations, jeopardizes productivity and damages enterprise reputation.
In 2019 Centenary International Labour Conference, the tripartite delegates adopted the first international instrument to combat the scourge of violence and harassment in the world of work. The Violence and Harassment Convention, No.190, and Violence and Harassment Recommendation, No.206, the new standards recognize the right of everyone to a world of work free from violence and harassment.
The next step is to put these protections into practice to create a better, safer, decent, working environment for women and men. That means that member States need to individually ratify Convention 190 and Recommendation 206, put the provisions into their domestic legislation, and follow up with enforcement.
The tripartite in Indonesia has discussed the violence and harassment at the workplace as it is a genuine concern of the tripartite. Government, employers, and unions have initiatives in developing guideline to prevent and handling sexual harassment at the workplace. However, no specific laws or regulations adopted yet to address the violence and harassment at the workplace. With the new ILO standards adopted, it is very timely for the tripartite in Indonesia to review their national policies and guidance to be in line with the international standards.
Based on the request from the tripartite in Indonesia, ILO Jakarta Office will organize a workshop on violence and harassment at the workplace, to share the gist of the new standards and provide a forum for the tripartite to discuss the implementation of such standards at the national level.