Background and ObjectivesThe inspection of labour conditions of fishers (as opposed to maritime safety inspections focusing only on the seaworthiness of the fishing vessel and on life-saving equipment) has been a challenging problem for many States which may not have in place laws and regulations, or inspection services, concerning the inspection of labour conditions on board fishing vessels. This may particularly be the case regarding inspections on board smaller vessels. Even where the law provides for such inspections, some States, or local authorities within States, may only have the resources to inspect a small percentage of the fishing fleet due to limited resources and the remote location of many fishing communities.
Ensuring decent labour conditions in fishing is especially complicated as responsibilities for applying labour and/or maritime laws in fishing, and managing and running inspection services on labour conditions on fishing, are divided between flag States and port States. So, the challenge for competent authorities in fishing and their inspectors is how to build and extend inspection services to cover working and living conditions on board fishing vessels and related labour issues so that fishers have similar levels of labour protection to workers in industry, commerce and services.
The situation described above is similar to the Indonesian fishing inspection situations. To assist its Member countries in strengthening the inspection services, the ILO developed a ILO Training package on Inspection of labour Conditions in Fishing. To test the training package, the ILO and the Ministry of Manpower agreed to collaborate in the field testing workshop on the training package in Jakarta in November 2017.
The training package aims to strengthen the competences of Directors and Managers of competent authorities responsible for inspection of labour conditions in fishing in planning, organizing and managing inspection services in fishing. Using the training package, at the end of the training, participants will be able to:
- Identify the main features, specific features and challenges of inspection of labour conditions in fishing with especial focus on ILO Work in Fishing Convention, 2007 (No. 188) and the ILO fundamental labour conventions
- Target vessels (as workplaces), vulnerable groups of fishers, and the labour issues to be inspected in fishing and select appropriate policies, strategies and programmes to tackle these issues.
- Organize the resources of the inspection services and plan, control, monitor and evaluate an inspection programme in fishing.
- Develop policies, procedures and tools for inspection of labour conditions in fishing.
- Identify ways forward and opportunities for developing alliances and partnerships.