ILO-GLACIER National Knowledge Sharing Workshop

The ILO Office for Indonesia and Timor-Leste has implemented an innovative pilot project called Green Livelihood Access for Central Kalimantan’s Inclusive Environmental Response to climate change (GLACIER), funded by Norway through the Institutional Preparation Task Force of the Republic of Indonesia for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (SATGAS REDD+) and UNDP in the Central Kalimantan pilot province.

Background
 


The ILO Office for Indonesia and Timor-Leste has implemented an innovative pilot project called Green Livelihood Access for Central Kalimantan’s Inclusive Environmental Response to climate change (GLACIER), funded by Norway through the Institutional Preparation Task Force of the Republic of Indonesia for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (SATGAS REDD+) and UNDP in the Central Kalimantan pilot province. Its overaching objective was to improve access to better and more sustainable livelihoods for local communities in the Ex Mega Rice Project (EMRP) area in Central Kalimantan through supporting the implementation of Presidential Instruction (2/2007) and the Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalization of the EMRP. Since the pilot project’s central theme is access to more sustainable livelihoods, its components also support investment in the environment and improvement of connectivity and rural access. The pilot project was implemented in five villages in Central Kalimantan, in locations that were previously part of the Mega Rice Project area: Aruk, Lawang Kajang, Bereng Bengkel, Tumbang Nusa and Pilang.


The project implemented various activities under three synergetic components, in line with the national REDD+ strategy:

  1. Demonstration on environmental infrastructure investments that support responses to climate change using participatory local resource-based approaches and techniques to improve access to sustainable livelihoods;
  2. Increased capacity of communities and local authorities to improve access to socio-economic facilities and markets in rural areas in support of sustainable livelihoods through meaningful participation in decision-making processes and local resource-based strategies; and
  3. A participatory model for green value chain development and sustainable livelihoods optimization introduced through improving the capacity of and opportunities for local stakeholders.
The GLACIER project commenced on the 1st September 2012 and will end on the 31st December 2013. In the period, the project has carried out many activities corresponding to each component, such as the assessment of canal blocking, fire prevention activities as well as agro forestry under component 1, the reconstruction of motorbike trails, roads and swampy crossing under component 2, and the improvement of skills and knowledge of both rubber farmers and fishermen on production techniques while linking them to potential markets under component 3.

All these activities involve the ongoing commitment of the beneficiaries and local authorities. In particular, interventions related to agro and community forestry involve the ongoing commitment of community members, as fruit trees will begin to be harvested in 3 to 4 years, and rubber trees will be harvested in the next 8 to 10 years. Similarly, the impact of green value chain development interventions in the rubber and fishery sectors on the beneficiaries’ revenues are not immediately visible. The project's interventions thus aimed at improving access to sustainable livelihoods in the medium to long term, and short term employment opportunities already provided to the beneficiaries acted as a compensation for the people who accepted to shift from their non sustainable livelihoods towards investing for the future.

Nonetheless, several tangible results have been generated and benefited the community members, particularly road and bridge reconstruction supported by component 2 of the project. The motorbike trail and baby bridge in Pilang, swampy crossing in Tumbang Nusa and road improvements in Lawang Kajang and Aruk have been completed. In the construction time, the project has created temporary jobs for the community members who wanted to be involved in construction works. The infrastructure investments have improved the communities’ access to livelihoods, public facilities such as schools and PUSKESMAS, as well as markets outside the villages.


Objectives

The objectives of the knowledge sharing workshop are to:
  • Reflect on the importance of providing alternative livelihoods and promoting greener jobs in climate change efforts.
  • Discuss on approaches and initiatives to provide sustainable livelihoods and enable employment creation in the context of climate change in Indonesia. The GLACIER pilot project’s approaches, including Local Resources Based (LRB), intensive employment, Green Jobs, participatory process approaches will be used as a case study.
  • Identify practical steps for replication, adaptation or scaling up of such initiatives in the context of REDD+ implementation in Indonesia.


Outputs

  • A workshop report identifying lessons-to-be-learnt when addressing livelihoods and employment issues in the context of REDD+ implementation in Indonesia. This will highlight the potential of the use of various approaches such as the LRB approach, participatory approaches and ILO Convention 169 and FPIC safeguards.
  • A strategy paper for the REDD+ commission at the provincial level and REDD+ task force/agency at the national level and/or future REDD+ provinces, focusing on access to sustainable livelihoods for the implementation of REDD+. This will cover recommendations to replication and policy advice - including the institutionalization of different projects’ initiatives and how replication would increase the positive impact of the work of REDD+.