Safety and health at work in Indonesia

  • "Safety first" in a shipyard in Batam, Indonesia

  • Safety hats used by the rural road construction workers in Timor-Leste

Worldwide approximately 6,000 workers lose their lives every day of the year as a result of work-related accidents, injuries, or diseases. It is estimated that about 2.2 million people worldwide die every year from work-related accidents and diseases. Annually, 270 million others suffer serious injuries and 160 million endure short or long term illness related to their work.

The call to protect against sickness, disease and injury arising out of employment has been at the heart of the ILO’s agenda. Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a human right and an integral part of people-centred agenda for development. Safe work also underpins sustainable enterprises which benefit from improved productivity, quality and workforce motivation. A healthy workforce and safe and productive enterprises are part of successful and sustainable development strategies.


ILO office for Indonesia has closely worked with its tripartite partners to strengthen national OSH system and to ensure that OSH issues are fully integrated and covered in all ILO’s programmes as a fundamental part of the ILO Decent Work agenda in Asia. All programmes and projects under the ILO-Jakarta have a component to ensure the improvement of OSH implementation through research and training programmes.

The ILO’s health and safety mandate includes helping workers, employers and governments respond to the challenges created by HIV/AIDS and by influenza pandemic through its HIV and AIDS programme and Avian Influenza and the Workplace project.

Developing and applying a preventative safety and health culture in workplaces is importance in realizing the goals of Asian Decent Work Decade.

The Manpower Act No.13 of 2003 mandated every enterprise to apply occupational safety and health (OSH) management system to protect the safety of the workers and to realize the optimal productivity. The cooperation of workers within the enterprise is vital for the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases. Workers’ duties in hazard control have as their counterpart the recognition of certain basic rights, and these should also be reflected in the enterprise policy. In particular, workers have the right to remove themselves from danger, and to refuse to carry out or continue work which they have reasonable justification to believe presents an imminent and serious threat to their life or health.

To assist the workers in Indonesia in applying their right to receive protection on OSH, ILO Jakarta collaborated with Japan International Labour Foundation (JILAF) and the three major confederations (KSPSI, KSPI, and KSBSI) in Indonesia in implementing joint OSH training programs based on the existing JILAF-KSPI POSITIVE Programme in Indonesia. The POSITIVE programme has been developed to promote action-oriented training in OSH by trade union initiative in industrially developing countries. This training is organized to disseminate the knowledge among the unions on OSH, and how they can contribute improve the work conditions especially at the plant level.