Equality and discrimination in Indonesia and Timor-Leste

A doll house maker in Indonesia
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Hundreds of millions of people suffer from discrimination in the world of work. This not only violates a most basic human right, but has wider social and economic consequences. Discrimination stifles opportunities, wasting the human talent needed for economic progress, and accentuates social tensions and inequalities. Combating discrimination is an essential part of promoting decent work, and success on this front is felt well beyond the workplace.

Discrimination is the root cause of much inequality. It may take people more vulnerable to exploitation, instability and forced labour. Discrimination in respect of employment and occupation means distinguishing between people and treating them unfairly based on characteristics that are unrelated to the requirements of the job. The stages at which discrimination manifests itself – or is felt – can be divided into three broad areas. The first is unequal access to training or vocational guidance. The second is unequal access to employment and particular occupations. The third is discriminatory terms and conditions of employment.

The ILO supports the realization of equal employment opportunities and social protection for all in Indonesia and Timor-Leste, particularly marginalized groups including women, children, people living with HIV and AIDS, indigenous peoples and people with disabilities.