Publications

The ILO Country Office for Pakistan publishes a wide range of books, reports and working papers relevant to Pakistan. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others can be requested in hard copy from the ILO Library in Islamabad.

2017

  1. A Snapshot - Minimum wage setting, implementation and working conditions in the formal and informal sectors of the garment industry in Pakistan

    31 August 2017

    This is a snapshot of the report, drafted in 2015, analyses the legal and policy frameworks and the implementation of minimum wages in Pakistan, with a particular focus on the textile and garment sectors. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector. It also contributed to and complements the ILO’s work on minimum wage setting across the region.

  2. A Snapshot - Pakistan’s hidden workers - Wages and conditions of home-based workers and the informal economy

    28 August 2017

    This is a snapshot of the report that sets out the findings of research carried out between May and December 2016 in two locations in Karachi looking at Pakistan’s informal economy and the supply chains existing within the textile and garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany

  3. A Snapshot - Barriers to pay equality in Pakistan - The gender pay gap in the garment sector

    25 August 2017

    This is a snapshot of the report that sets out to examine pay inequality in Pakistan and, in particular, in the country’s garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  4. Occupational Safety and Health Situation in Sindh 2014-15

    10 July 2017

    This report presents an analysis of the labour market situation with particular reference to the state of occupational safety and health in Sindh. The analysis is based on data from the 2014-15 round of the Pakistan Labour Force Survey.

  5. World of Work magazine: Migration should be a choice

    24 May 2017

    This year’s edition of the World of Work magazine highlights themes discussed by the ILO’s 106th International Labour Conference (ILC), including migration.

  6. Pakistan’s hidden workers - Wages and conditions of home-based workers and the informal economy

    10 May 2017

    This report sets out the findings of research carried out between May and December 2016 in two locations in Karachi looking at Pakistan’s informal economy and the supply chains existing within the textile and garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany

  7. Barriers to pay equality in Pakistan - The gender pay gap in the garment sector

    10 May 2017

    This report sets out to examine pay inequality in Pakistan and, in particular, in the country’s garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  8. Trade Union Reference Manual on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

    08 May 2017

    This reference manual, seeks to assist trade union leaders, members and sympathizers, in their engagement in these national strategies for sustainable development.

  9. Future of work - Perceptions from Pakistan

    20 February 2017

    The report presents the stakeholder's feedback on future modalities of employment and decent work in Pakistan. It is a result of national dialogue on “Future of Work” a part of the ILO’s centenary initiative. The report is jointly produced by the Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis & HRD and ILO.

  10. Employment and wages rising in Pakistan's garment sector

    14 February 2017

    This research note provides an overview of recent trends in employment, wages, and exports in Pakistan’s garment, textile and footwear sector. It shows that the sector is highly important to Pakistan, but it faces a number of major challenges.

2016

  1. Garment Sector Stakeholders’ Forum – An Update

    01 December 2016

    The Garment Sector Stakeholders’ Forum, aims to build linkages between stakeholders, provide opportunities for information sharing and best practice and to provide stakeholder guidance on the work and planning of the ILO and GIZ programming in the sector.

  2. Minimum wage setting, implementation and working conditions in the formal and informal sectors of the garment industry in Pakistan

    18 October 2016

    This report, drafted in 2015, analyses the legal and policy frameworks and the implementation of minimum wages in Pakistan, with a particular focus on the textile and garment sectors. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector. It also contributed to and complements the ILO’s work on minimum wage setting across the region.

  3. From Pakistan to the Gulf region: An analysis of links between labour markets, skills and the migration cycle

    30 September 2016

    This report examines the linkages between labour demand, skills and the recruitment process with a focus on low-skilled migration from Pakistan to the Gulf Cooperation Council.

  4. Sustaining GSP-Plus Status by Strengthened National Capacities to Improve ILS Compliance and Reporting (Project fact sheet)

    29 September 2016

    The Government of Pakistan was granted GSP-Plus status and to sustain it the government is required to comply with and report on twenty-seven international standards including the eight core Labour Standards. The project aims to strengthen the capacities of government of Pakistan to better comply and report on the core labour standards.

  5. Pakistan Decent Work Country Programme III - (2016–2020)

    22 September 2016

    The formulation of the Pakistan Decent Work Country Programme III (2016-20120) is a joint effort of the Government of Pakistan, the Employers’ Federation of Pakistan (EFP) and the Pakistan Workers’ Federation (PWF) with support from the ILO Country Office Islamabad.

  6. Where to go for help: Pakistani migrant workers’ access to justice at home and in Gulf Cooperation Council countries

    01 September 2016

    This report examines the legal framework and complaints mechanisms available for Pakistani migrant workers at home and in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. It identified bottlenecks in the grievance-handling process and potential ways to improve it to provide a speedy, accessible, less costly and just remedy to migrant workers.

  7. Law and practice: the recruitment of low-skilled Pakistani workers for overseas employment

    23 August 2016

    The report studies the prevailing recruitment practices in Pakistan with a focus on low-skilled migrant workers. It describes the current legal and policy frameworks, looks at actual practices and provides recommendations on how to make enforcement of recruitment regulations more efficient and equitable.

  8. Labour migration from Pakistan: 2015 status report

    23 August 2016

    This report captures the latest trends in labour migration from Pakistan by bringing together all available statistics from a range of Government departments/units until 2015. It also highlights the achievements of the Government till date, remaining challenges and suggests ways forward.

  9. The cost of migration: What low-skilled migrant workers from Pakistan pay to work in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates

    23 August 2016

    This report presents the findings of a survey on migration expenses that Pakistani workers paid to secure jobs in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The focus is on low-skilled migrants, who are the most vulnerable because of their low educational qualifications and limited asset base.

  10. Weak minimum wage compliance in Asia’s garment industry

    11 August 2016

    Minimum wages can be an important part of the policy toolkit to meet the needs of workers and their families. However, minimum wages do not adequately fulfill this role if non-compliance is widespread. This research note shows that a large proportion of workers in the garment, footwear, and textiles sector in seven garment-exporting countries in Asia are paid below the minimum wage.