Publications

The ILO Country Office for Pakistan publishes a wide range of books, reports and working papers relevant to Pakistan. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others can be requested in hard copy from the ILO Library in Islamabad.

2018

  1. The ILO MNE Declaration: What’s in it for Workers?

    01 May 2018

    The ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (MNE Declaration) was negotiated and adopted by governments, employers and workers in 1977. It is the only ILO instrument that provides direct guidance on how companies can contribute to the realization of decent work for all and highlights the central role of freedom of association and collective bargaining as well as industrial relations and social dialogue.

  2. A Profile of Trade Unionism and Industrial Relations in Pakistan

    27 April 2018

    The paper looks at the trade unionism and industrial relations in Pakistan from historic perspective and provides updates on the profiles of national and provincial level labour federations . This paper seeks to stimulate healthy debates on the opportunities and challenges associated with promotion of freedom of association and collective bargaining in line with the principles enshrined in Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87) and Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98).

  3. Employment and environmental sustainability in Pakistan

    02 April 2018

    The Employment and Environmental Sustainability Fact Sheets series provides key indicators of employment and environmental sustainability performance. They include: (i) employment in environmental sectors; (ii) skill levels; (iii) vulnerability of jobs; (iv) jobs in renewable energy; and (v) scoring on the Environmental Performance Index.

  4. Improving the livelihood and working conditions of the vulnerable workers – particularly women, in the Rural Agro-food economy through Value Chain Development

    20 February 2018

    The ILO in partnership with UNIDO is implementing a One UN Joint pilot project, which aims at improving the livelihood and working conditions in the selected agro-food value chain in Gilgit Baltistan Province of Pakistan. The project- through a set of gender-responsive interventions will engage with partners and producers; address the deficits in productivity and working conditions by skills development; instituting simple technology and awareness-raising on the key elements of Decent Work.

  5. ILO/EU REFRAME Project

    01 February 2018

    Global action to improve the recruitment framework of labour migration - REFRAME. Project brief description - challenges, objectives, scope, and contribution to the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative

2017

  1. More and Better Jobs through Socially Responsible Labour Practices in Pakistan (Project fact sheet)

    19 October 2017

    In partnership with the Employers’ Federation of Pakistan and the Sialkot Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the ILO office for Pakistan is implementing the project that aims to foster a partnership approach between MNEs and their direct suppliers on advancing socially responsible labour practices.

  2. International Labour and Environmental Standards Application in Pakistan’s Small and Medium Enterprises (ILES) (Project fact sheet)

    26 September 2017

    In partnership with the Delegation of the European Union to Pakistan, the ILO office for Pakistan will help tripartite partners and other stakeholders to strengthen national labour and environmental standards compliance with international standards to increase competitiveness, sustainable and inclusive growth in Pakistan. The project will also implement pilot interventions in selected enterprises in textile and leather sectors to develop business cases for compliance with labour and environmental standards.

  3. A Snapshot - Minimum wage setting, implementation and working conditions in the formal and informal sectors of the garment industry in Pakistan

    31 August 2017

    This is a snapshot of the report, drafted in 2015, analyses the legal and policy frameworks and the implementation of minimum wages in Pakistan, with a particular focus on the textile and garment sectors. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector. It also contributed to and complements the ILO’s work on minimum wage setting across the region.

  4. A Snapshot - Pakistan’s hidden workers - Wages and conditions of home-based workers and the informal economy

    28 August 2017

    This is a snapshot of the report that sets out the findings of research carried out between May and December 2016 in two locations in Karachi looking at Pakistan’s informal economy and the supply chains existing within the textile and garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany

  5. A Snapshot - Barriers to pay equality in Pakistan - The gender pay gap in the garment sector

    25 August 2017

    This is a snapshot of the report that sets out to examine pay inequality in Pakistan and, in particular, in the country’s garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  6. Occupational Safety and Health Situation in Sindh 2014-15

    10 July 2017

    This report presents an analysis of the labour market situation with particular reference to the state of occupational safety and health in Sindh. The analysis is based on data from the 2014-15 round of the Pakistan Labour Force Survey.

  7. World of Work magazine: Migration should be a choice

    24 May 2017

    This year’s edition of the World of Work magazine highlights themes discussed by the ILO’s 106th International Labour Conference (ILC), including migration.

  8. Pakistan’s hidden workers - Wages and conditions of home-based workers and the informal economy

    10 May 2017

    This report sets out the findings of research carried out between May and December 2016 in two locations in Karachi looking at Pakistan’s informal economy and the supply chains existing within the textile and garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany

  9. Barriers to pay equality in Pakistan - The gender pay gap in the garment sector

    10 May 2017

    This report sets out to examine pay inequality in Pakistan and, in particular, in the country’s garment sector. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector, funded by GIZ and BMZ, on behalf of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  10. Trade Union Reference Manual on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

    08 May 2017

    This reference manual, seeks to assist trade union leaders, members and sympathizers, in their engagement in these national strategies for sustainable development.

  11. Future of work - Perceptions from Pakistan

    20 February 2017

    The report presents the stakeholder's feedback on future modalities of employment and decent work in Pakistan. It is a result of national dialogue on “Future of Work” a part of the ILO’s centenary initiative. The report is jointly produced by the Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis & HRD and ILO.

  12. Employment and wages rising in Pakistan's garment sector

    14 February 2017

    This research note provides an overview of recent trends in employment, wages, and exports in Pakistan’s garment, textile and footwear sector. It shows that the sector is highly important to Pakistan, but it faces a number of major challenges.

2016

  1. Garment Sector Stakeholders’ Forum – An Update

    01 December 2016

    The Garment Sector Stakeholders’ Forum, aims to build linkages between stakeholders, provide opportunities for information sharing and best practice and to provide stakeholder guidance on the work and planning of the ILO and GIZ programming in the sector.

  2. Minimum wage setting, implementation and working conditions in the formal and informal sectors of the garment industry in Pakistan

    18 October 2016

    This report, drafted in 2015, analyses the legal and policy frameworks and the implementation of minimum wages in Pakistan, with a particular focus on the textile and garment sectors. The report has been undertaken by the ILO’s Labour Standards in Global Supply Chains: A Programme for Action in Asia and the Garment Sector. It also contributed to and complements the ILO’s work on minimum wage setting across the region.

  3. From Pakistan to the Gulf region: An analysis of links between labour markets, skills and the migration cycle

    30 September 2016

    This report examines the linkages between labour demand, skills and the recruitment process with a focus on low-skilled migration from Pakistan to the Gulf Cooperation Council.