- Situation analysis of the residential facilities for Pakistani working women at/near their workplacespdf - 1.0 MB
This study presents an in-depth and systematic assessment of the need for adequate and safe residential facilities for working women, especially those who work away from their homes, so as to improve the working conditions for Pakistani women and enhance their labour force participation. This has been done through a number of research instruments. In general, the housing needs of employees are not met adequately in either the public or private sectors. There are no explicit laws or regulations that are binding for employers across the board to provide decent and secure housing facilities to women. In the public sector, the general housing allowances or facilities available to government employees are also available to women without any positive or negative discrimination. The government sector has a policy to provide some kind of residential facility such as the provision of housing allowance or official housing colonies or units. However, these facilities are few in number and the employees are offered hiring facility through which they can hire a house within the prescribed ceiling. In most cases, however, the official ceiling is far below the prevailing market rents. As a result, women often have to take up residence in private hostels or houses. Private hostels are very few in number and in general 3-4 women have to share a room. The government has established a few working women's hostels but the demand for these far exceeds their supply. The private sector organizations have their own policies that mostly consist of allocating a share of the salaries of their employees as house rent and these policies are applicable to both male and female employees.