Workers and Employers Organizations in Pakistan

Workers rally © ILO

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ILO through its various interventions has helped build the capacity of the employers’ and workers’ organisation on host of issues to promote social dialogue and decent work agenda. Numerous activities of the Employers Federation of Pakistan (EFP) and Pakistan Workers Federation (PWF) have been supported to help them influence the national policies and programs to promote decent work in Pakistan. In this regard, ILO has supported both the employers and workers organisation to carry out dialogue and develop recommendations to be incorporated in the up-coming Industrial Relation Act 2010.

During the recent Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and to assess its possible impacts on Pakistan’s economy vis-à-vis employment sector, workers rights and other related issues, ILO facilitated the Pakistan Workers Federation to organise various dialogue on “Global Financial Crisis, its impact on Pakistan and policy Responses”.

Another area where ILO has supported both the EFP and PWF is to promote health and safety at the workplace. Series of seminars are supported to create better understanding about workplace related OSH issues.

Moreover, ILO through its various interventions has helped raise the profile and visibility of the trade unions in sectors and areas where trade union activity was unknown. The spin off has been that unorganised sectors have started getting organised, couple of cases in point are the Carpet Washer’s union in the province of Punjab, and the Brick Kiln Workers Trade Union.

The employers’ organisation are not only promoting ILO core labour standards and incorporating these into their practices. In addition, employers have contributed financially toward the child labour programmes. Three sector specific employers’ organisations (Soccer Ball, Carpet, and Surgical Sectors) have contributed significant financial resources towards the eliminating of child labour. This modality can be classified as a best practice, as employers agree and contribute towards the eradication of child labour from their respective sectors and set up internal and external monitoring systems.

These interventions have helped in sensitizing employers on the issue of child labour and have motivated them to work on occupational safety and health issues to retain adult workers. These interventions have helped raise the profile of employers and have contributed towards improved social dialogue on these issues and have paved the way for social accountability.

Key resources

  1. Tripartism and social dialogue

    Through their organizations, workers and employers make tripartism and social dialogue a real life experience by applying them in practice.

  2. Bureau for Workers' Activities (ACTRAV)

  3. Bureau for Employers´ Activities (ACT/EMP)