International labour standards in Pakistan

The opening session of 104th International Labour Conference. © ILO
The Government of Pakistan has ratified a total of 34 ILO Conventions, including 8 fundamental conventions. In the South Asian sub-region, Pakistan is the second country that has ratified all eight fundamental conventions as enshrined in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. The CO-Islamabad works in close collaboration with its tripartite constituents and social partners towards achieving Pakistan’s decent work objectives in line with the principles of the international labour standards.

The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Honourable Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani, in his first address to the National Assembly, declared to bring national labour laws in conformity with the ILO Conventions. Presently, the Government of Pakistan is in the process of streamlining and harmonizing the labour legislations, including the Industrial relation Act, and the employers’ and workers’ organisations are actively engaged in the consultative process with the government. The Government of Pakistan has also announced the new Labour Policy 2010.

In line with the ILO fundamental conventions, Pakistan has formulated Employment of Children Act 1991 and also The Bonded Labour System Abolition Act 1992 (BLSA Act). In both of these areas, national policies exist that delineate the approach to address the issue of child labour and bonded labour in the country.

Key resources

  1. Rules of the Game: a brief introduction to International Labour Standards (Revised edition 2014)

    Aimed at a non-specialist audience, this revised publication provides an introduction to international labour standards and discusses their importance in today’s global economy, the subjects they cover, how they are applied and supervised, and where further information can be sought.

  2. ILOLEX - database of International Labour Standards and recommendations (including ratification information)

    Full-text database of ILO conventions and recommendations, ratification information, comments of the Committee of Experts and the Committee on Freedom of Association, discussions of the Conference Committee, representations, complaints, General Surveys, and numerous related documents.

  3. Ratifications of Fundamental Conventions in Asia and the Pacific