Child Labour in Pakistan

Carpet production: child weaver, district of Lahore © ILO

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The ILO, through its International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) is providing technical assistance to the Government of Pakistan and Employers and Workers organizations for the prevention elimination of child labour for the country. Child labour is among the priorities of the Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) that has been agreed by the Ministry of Labour and Manpower, Pakistan Employers Federation and Pakistan Workers Federation.
The Government of Pakistan has ratified ILO core Conventions related to child labour: Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138); Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182).

Under the ILO’s child labour programme various successful initiatives have been carried out in the Soccer Ball, Carpet weaving, surgical, glass bangles, deep sea fishing, leather tanneries, domestic work, coalmines, rag-picking, auto-workshops, and brick kiln sectors. ILO has also responded to rehabilitate child labour in the earthquake affected areas. In all these ILO interventions, thousands of child labours, girls and boys, have been rehabilitated through the provision of non-formal education and related services. Moreover, ILO has helped develop a District Model approach to built the capacity of and provide tools to the District Government to address the issue of child labour at the local level.

At the capacity building level, ILO has helped the Ministry of Labour to establish five child labour units at the federal and provincial level to holistically address the child labour issue. ILO’s technical assistance to the Federal Bureau of Statistics and Ministry Labour resulted in the first ever national level survey on child labour in 1996. Now ILO will provide support to the Federal Bureau of Statistics to carry out the second national child labour survey in 2010-2011.

Moreover, ILO has helped the Ministry of Education to ensure that national Education Policy 2009 effectively respond to rehabilitate child labourers through the provision of formal and non-formal education.