MAP16 Project activities in Argentina

The project contributes to the promotion of decent work in Argentina by supporting the third National Plan to prevent and eradicate Child Labour and Protect Adolescent Work 2018-2022.

National context

Argentina made significant advancement in efforts to eradicate child labour and expand children’s opportunities and rights. The country has ratified Convention No. 138 on Minimum Age Convention (1973), Convention No. 182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (1999) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990). Moreover, in 2005 the country enacted Law 26.061 Integral Protection of the rights of children and adolescents, followed by Law 26.390 on the Prohibition of Child Labour and Protection of Adolescent Labour, enacted in 2008.

Argentina has launched the third National Plan to prevent and eradicate Child Labour and Protect Adolescent Work 2018-2022 designed and implemented by the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MTEySS) and carried out a comprehensive national survey on children’ activities in rural and urban areas EANNA 2016/17 (Encuesta de Actividades de Niños Niñas y Adolescentes, Spanish for National Survey on Children and Adolescents Activities).

According to the 2016-17 Child Labour Survey,
  • 10 per cent of children between 5 and 15 years and around 32 per cent of adolescents aged 16 and 17 are engaged in child labour.
  • this trend is exacerbated in rural areas where it reaches 19.8 per cent among children and 43.5 per cent among adolescents.

Project activities

The main aim of MAP16 in Argentina is to improve knowledge based on the results of the national survey, increase awareness, and disseminate information to improve public polices and communication campaigns.

Research activities in Argentina include:
  • qualitative research to explore family dynamics in order to understand the decision-making process that triggers child labour;
  • qualitative research to explore the perceptions of girls and boys about gender stereotypes and the sexual division of the labour and tasks they carry out daily;
  • statistical document to update and expand knowledge about the relationship between social protection on children (contributive and non contributive schemes) and the incidence of child labour, as a pillar of protection and prevention.
In a joint effort with other initiatives implemented by the ILO Country Office in Argentina, the MAP16 project conducts a national and regional survey to account for the impact of COVID-19 on child labour in the country.

Partners

Ministries; Employers’ and Workers organizations; Universities and research organizations and civil society organizations.

Target beneficiaries

Governmental stakeholders. Indirect beneficiaries are child workers and their families.