ILO promotes ratification of Forced Labour Protocol No. 29 in Indonesia

News | 22 December 2021
ILO was invited by the Government of Indonesia to discuss its Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, ahead of Indonesia’s report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.

All countries, Indonesia included, must submit an annual report on the implementation of ILO instruments relating to principles and rights at work that they have not yet ratified.

As part of the process to prepare Indonesia’s report, ILO Jakarta met in late November with representatives from workers’ and employers’ organizations, the Indonesian Board of Migrant Worker Protection and civil society. The event was hosted by the International Cooperation Bureau of the Ministry of Manpower.

The meeting aimed at airing concerns of relevant government agencies and social partners regarding their work on the elimination of forced labour and their annual review report prior to submitting it to the ILO.

In the meeting, Muhamad Nour, Program Officer of the ILO’s Accelerator Lab 8.7 Programme, reminded the participants of the basic concepts related to forced labour and the scope of the issue in Indonesia. Together, the ILO’s forced labour instruments provide all actors with a comprehensive strategy and a set of tools to address forced labour in a modern-day context. The greater emphasis on protection and access to justice brought by the Protocol helps to ensure that the human rights of victims are respected and that perpetrators are punished.

Mr. Nour also presented ILO indicators of forced labour, which serve to identify the issue - such as restriction of movement, abuse of vulnerability, contract deception, withholding of wages, isolation, physical and sexual violence, threats, retention of identity documents or debt bondage. In the context of the Accelerator Lab 8.7 Programme, he highlighted continuous challenges of forced labour in the fishing sector and stressed that the initiatives and remaining challenges to eliminate forced labour in fishing needed to be included in the report. Particularly, the challenges linked to the development of a comprehensive and coherent legal framework and its effective implementation.

Target 8.7 under Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals urges countries to take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking by 2030 and to end child labour in all its forms by 2025. The ILO will continue to support the Government of Indonesia and social partners to establish a roadmap to ratification of the Protocol 29.