International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

  • World Day Against Child Labour 2015

    The World Day Against Child Labour this year will focus particularly on the importance of quality education as a key step in tackling child labour. It is very timely to do so, as in 2015 the international community will be reviewing reasons for the failure to reach development targets on education and will be setting new goals and strategies.

  • Campaign

    Discover the "Music against child labour" initiative

    The global Initiative was launched in 2013 and calls on orchestras, choirs and musicians of all genres worldwide to dedicate one concert to the struggle against child labour. Sign up to the Manifesto and pledge to dedicate a concert!

  • Curbing child labour in Kosovo: Let children be children

    Poverty pushes a high number of children in Kosovo to drop out of school and enter child labour as early as 10 years old. The ILO supports efforts of Kosovo’s public institutions and social partners to eliminate child labour, with an emphasis on its worst forms.

Facts and figures

  • Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
  • Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
  • There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
  • Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
  • Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.

Just released

  1. Good practices on the elimination of child labour in Central Asia

    16 April 2015

    Good practices are a core element of a “learning by doing” approach, and contribute to the sharing of effective and innovative measures to tackle child labour. 15 good practices from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are presented here, along with highlights on advocacy and awareness raising in the three countries, with a view to their wider dissemination to enable policy makers and practitioners in Central Asia and beyond.

  2. A health approach to child labour - A synthesis report of four country studies from the brick industry

    15 April 2015

    In presenting this synthesis report, A Health Approach to Child Labour: Example from the brick industry, and its accompanying four country studies, ILO hopes to stimulate further work on this important area and a further refinement of the research methods it incorporates.

  3. Breaking the mould - Occupational safety hazards faced by children working in brick kilns in Afghanistan

    13 April 2015

    This report seeks to provide useful information to assist the development of policy and of practical interventions to protect the safety, health and well-being of children above the minimum working age (14 in Afghanistan) in the brick kilns; to facilitate the removal from child labour of children below that age and access to free basic education for all children under the minimum age and for all children removed from worst forms of child labour. The study also assesses the financial impact of health problems on families, studying the amount of debt owed by families to medical service providers and the types of illness which cause such debt.

Highlights

  1. Conference

    III Global Conference on Child Labour - Brasilia, 8-10 October 2013

    The ILO will participate in the III Global Conference on Child Labour which will bring together representatives from government, social partners, civil society, regional and international organizations to share policies and experiences in the global fight against child labour.

    The Conference – organized by the Brazilian Government – will be an opportunity to reflect on the progress made since the previous global conference was held in The Hague in 2010, and to discuss ways to accelerate global efforts against child labour – especially its worst forms.