International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

Facts and figures

  • Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
  • Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
  • There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
  • Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
  • Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.

Just released

  1. Cover Image Oslo Conference background paper 115x170

    23 November 2015

  2. Cover Image Oslo Conference background paper 115x77

    23 November 2015

  3. Monitoring report on the use of child labour and forced labour during the Uzbekistan 2015 Cotton Harvest

    20 November 2015

    In October 2014, the World Bank requested the ILO to assess the potential use of child labour and forced labour by the beneficiaries of World Bank projects in specific areas, with particular emphasis on the cotton harvest. The report presents the key findings of the monitoring carried out by the ILO in September and October 2015.


  1. Conference

    III Global Conference on Child Labour - Brasilia, 8-10 October 2013

    The ILO will participate in the III Global Conference on Child Labour which will bring together representatives from government, social partners, civil society, regional and international organizations to share policies and experiences in the global fight against child labour.

    The Conference – organized by the Brazilian Government – will be an opportunity to reflect on the progress made since the previous global conference was held in The Hague in 2010, and to discuss ways to accelerate global efforts against child labour – especially its worst forms.