International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

Facts and figures

  • Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
  • Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
  • There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
  • Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
  • Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.

Just released

  1. The twin challenges of child labour and youth employment in the Arab States: an overview

    27 January 2016

    This Report examines the related issues of child labour and youth marginalisation in the Arab States. It focuses in particular in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Yemen and the Occupied Palestinian Territory. All are conflict or conflict-affected societies where concerns relating to the well-being of children and youth are acute and where better information to inform policy is needed.

  2. Myanmar: Child labour knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) study in Yangon, Ayeyarwady Region and Mon State

    26 January 2016

    The Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Study has been conducted to determine how various stakeholders behave and act with regard to child labour as a societal issue in Myanmar. The research aimed to identify factors that contribute to the awareness and high prevalence of the practice of child labour with the objective of developing appropriate awareness raising, advocacy and direct interventions.

  3. ILO-IOE child labour guidance tool for business

    15 December 2015

    This Guidelines aims to improve global supply chain governance, due diligence and remediation processes to advance the progressive elimination of child labour

Highlights

  1. Conference

    III Global Conference on Child Labour - Brasilia, 8-10 October 2013

    The ILO will participate in the III Global Conference on Child Labour which will bring together representatives from government, social partners, civil society, regional and international organizations to share policies and experiences in the global fight against child labour.

    The Conference – organized by the Brazilian Government – will be an opportunity to reflect on the progress made since the previous global conference was held in The Hague in 2010, and to discuss ways to accelerate global efforts against child labour – especially its worst forms.