International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

Facts and figures

  • Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
  • Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
  • There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
  • Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
  • Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.


  1. Lullaby to sing to sleep a child who never rests, by Pilar Jurado

    17 December 2014, Teatro de la Zarzuela, Madrid, Spain

  2. Christmas concert by the Fanny Hensel Music School, Berlin, dedicated to the Initiative

    14 December 2014, Lutheran Church in Berlin’s Humboldthain district, Germany

  3. Tackling child labour in supply chains - Child Labour Platform (CLP) Meeting

    4 - 5 December 2014, International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland

  4. Josep Pons dedicated a concert to the "Music against Child Labour" Initiative at Gran Teatre del Liceu

    27 November 2014, Auditorio del CCCB, Centro de Cultura Contemporánea, Barcelona, España

Just released

  1. Major results of ILO work on child labour

    11 December 2014

    Since the 1990’s, the ILO has led a global effort to raise awareness of the child labour problem, to encourage member States to put in place appropriate legal and policy frameworks, and to ensure that appropriate attention is paid to child labour in wider development policies and programmes. The ILO’s most recent global estimates of child labour indicate that significant progress is being made.

  2. Child Labour Platform: Good Practice Notes - with recommendations for companies

    28 November 2014

    These good practices include examples of approaches that multiple companies in the textile and garments, cocoa, tourism and/or mining sectors have adopted to prevent and remediate child labour. The good practices were identified on the basis of information obtained from the CLP companies, as well as through workshops with a wider group of corporate representatives and other relevant stakeholders.

  3. Looking for answers: Researching hazardous work of children

    27 November 2014

    This summary of our preliminary consultations on the topic of ‘health impacts of child labour’ aims to draw attention to the research gaps and to encourage those with interest and expertise in this area – both agencies and individuals - to join with us in addressing these gaps.


  1. Conference

    III Global Conference on Child Labour - Brasilia, 8-10 October 2013

    The ILO will participate in the III Global Conference on Child Labour which will bring together representatives from government, social partners, civil society, regional and international organizations to share policies and experiences in the global fight against child labour.

    The Conference – organized by the Brazilian Government – will be an opportunity to reflect on the progress made since the previous global conference was held in The Hague in 2010, and to discuss ways to accelerate global efforts against child labour – especially its worst forms.