Kenya: emerging good practices in laying foundations for child labour-free zones - A case of Busia, Kilifi and Kitui Districts

As part of support to the National Action Plan (NAP) on child labour in Kenya, the experiences documents in this report is one of the tools that ILO-IPEC SNAP project and ILO provides to the government and stakeholders as a mean to continue addressing the child labour challenge.

Instructional material | 14 November 2013
Between February 2010 and November 2013, the ILO-IPEC has been implementing the SNAP Kenya project: “Creating the enabling environment to establish models for child labour free areas in Kenya: Support to the implementation of the National Action Plan for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour with special focus on agriculture and older children”.

The project has directly been supporting the Kenyan constituents and partners to implement the Government’s National Action Plan whose goal is the elimination of the worst forms of child labour in Kenya by 2015. The broader objective of the project was to lay the foundations for the creation of Child Labour Free Zones in Busia, Kitui and Kilifi Counties. In doing so, it has successfully used the integrated-area based approach at national, district and community level and developed models of intervention to combat child labour that can be used for further replication in the country.

At national level, the project supported the integration of child labour concerns into national policies, programmes and instruments; the enabling enforcement of legislation relevant to child labour; and the building of partnerships and networks to support and coordinate activities on child labour. The project also strengthened the capacity of relevant institutions, partners and structures to take action against child labour, and expanded the knowledge base.

At the local level, models of intervention were strengthened or established for effective local structures to prevent children at risk from falling into labour, and to withdraw those in child labour and support them either to be reintegrated back to schools or to receive vocational skills training.

Withdrawal was also done through improving working conditions and reducing exposure to hazardous work (protection) for children above the minimum age of employment. These efforts were complemented by support for income generating activities and business skills to households and communities. The livelihoods support strategy complements the lost income of the parents and enhance their social support options, as well as allows establishing a community-based child labour monitoring system. Ultimately, the parents are able to better protect their children from falling into labour, as their ability to meet their children’s basic and schooling needs are enhanced. The communities are also able to eliminate child labour through an effective community-based child labour monitoring system.