Indigenous and Tribal Peoples

  • Indigenous and tribal peoples shall enjoy the full measure of human rights and fundamental freedoms without hindrance or discrimination." 

    Article 3(1), ILO Convention No.169

This web page provides a broad overview of the ILO’s work with indigenous and tribal peoples. In particular, it provides information about the two international legally binding instruments on indigenous and tribal peoples that the ILO has adopted (ILO Conventions No. 107 and No. 169), the role of the ILO in supervising the implementation of these Conventions and the technical cooperation and assistance of the ILO to indigenous and tribal peoples and to ILO member states.

The website also provides links and information on other ILO Conventions and programmes that are highly relevant for indigenous peoples, particularly the ILO Conventions on discrimination, child labour and forced labour and related programmes in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

There is a special section on resources, where a broad range of publications, studies, guidelines and training materials are available.

We hope that this web site will provide you with the information you need regarding the ILO and its work on indigenous and tribal peoples. If you do not find what you are looking for, please contact us.


  1. United Nations-Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP)

    UNIPP is the first global inter-agency initiative with a programmatic focus on indigenous peoples at the country level, supported and complemented by strategic interventions at regional and international levels.

Key Resources

  1. Understanding the Indigenous and Tribal People Convention, 1989 (No. 169)

    19 February 2013

    This handbook aims to answer some of the essential questions regarding Convention No. 169 and is addressed to governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations, as well as for indigenous and tribal peoples.

  2. Monitoring Indigenous and Tribal Peoples’ Rights through ILO Conventions: A compilation of ILO Supervisory Bodies’ Comments 2009-2010

    01 April 2010

    The implementation of all ILO Conventions is monitored by the ILO supervisory bodies. This allows a continuous dialogue to take place between the Organization and the Governments concerned with the involvement of employers’ and workers’ organizations (trade unions), with a view to strengthening the implementation of these Conventions.

  3. Indigenous & Tribal People's Rights in Practice - A Guide to ILO Convention No. 169

    10 May 2009

    This publication is a result of collaborative efforts of a wide group of ILO staff, indigenous organizations, experts and researchers on the main aspects of indigenous and tribal peoples’ rights.

  4. Application of Convention No. 169 by domestic and international courts in Latin America - A casebook

    11 November 2009

    This Casebook contains summaries of judicial decisions from ten countries in Latin America, as well as a selection of relevant judgements and reports from the Inter- American human rights system.

  5. Overview Report  of the Research Project by the ILO and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the constitutional and legislative protection of the rights of indigenous peoples in 24 African countries

    02 October 2009

    This report provides the results of a research project which examined the extent to which the legal framework of 24 selected African countries impacts on and protects the rights of indigenous peoples.


  1. © Ishara S.Kodikara / AFP 2015

    International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

    Nepal: Rights, quake rehab plan are musts for peace and development

    07 August 2015

    On the occasion of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, ILO News talked to Dr Mukta Singh Lama, an indigenous person from Nepal, about the post-earthquake situation and the impact of ILO Convention 169 on important rights of indigenous people.

  2. © UN Photo/Rick Bajornas 2015

    World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

    When indigenous and world leaders meet, what does it mean for the ILO?

    18 September 2014

    A historic meeting at the UN General Assembly in New York is set to bolster further ratification of the ILO’s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention.

  3. Indigenous Peoples’ rights

    An unprecedented gathering deep in the Amazon jungle

    06 August 2013

    Ahead of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People on August 9th, ILO News looks at how the ILO’s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169), is helping an indigenous tribe in north-eastern Peru to make their voices heard.