Asia has the highest concentration of indigenous and tribal peoples in the world (more than 150 million), with India alone accounting for over 80 million. Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal also have substantial indigenous and tribal populations living within their borders. Most indigenous peoples in Asia are facing rapid and overwhelming changes in their societies and livelihood strategies, making them particularly vulnerable to poverty and other forms of marginalisation and exploitation, such as hazardous work, trafficking, as well as child and forced labour. Furthermore, the understanding of indigenous issues in many Asian countries is generally low, with indigenous issues often being viewed as politically sensitive. Widespread poverty and unemployment, compounded by lack of consultation and participation of indigenous peoples has led to conflict situations in a number of Asian countries.