Organization responsible for the statistics

The statistics are collected and compiled by the Inspection du Travail of the Direction du Travail.

Objectives and users

Not available.


Strikes and lockouts

The statistics cover: Sympathetic strikes, general strikes, working to rule, go-slows, overtime bans: Information not available.

Minimum threshold None.

Economic activities

No particular branches of economic activity or sectors are excluded.


Workers directly involved, workers indirectly involved and workers rendered idle in economic units other than those directly involved in the strikes or lockouts. In addition to full-time regular paid employees, the statistics cover temporary, casual and seasonal workers. Workers laid off and workers absent on sick or annual leave or absent for any other reason are not included. Part-time work is not common in Madagascar.

No particular occupational groups are excluded.

Geographic areas

Whole country.

Types of data collected

Concepts and definitions


All spontaneous work stoppages.

Labour dispute

A labour dispute which follows the legal procedures for conciliation.


The closure of the establishment decided by the employer following a strike or in opposition to a decision of the Conseil d'Arbitrage.

The definitions come from the Code du Travail.

Methods of measurement

Strikes and lockouts

The basic unit of measurement used to record a strike or lockout is the case of dispute in one economic unit (establishment, firm and enterprise, or establishment and workplace within an enterprise). The resumption of a strike or lockout after a period of interruption, still due to the same case of dispute, is treated as the continuation of the same strike or lockout.

Work stoppages due to the same case of dispute, occurring simultaneously in several establishments or production units of some enterprise are considered to be a single strike or lockout. If work stoppages due to the same case of dispute occur at different times, a separate strike or lockout is counted for each establishment or production unit.

Economic units involved

The economic unit is the establishment, workplace or enterprise. The establishment is the group of persons working under the authority of one or more representatives of the same management. It is characterized by a single activity being carried out at a given location (factory, workshop, worksite, etc.).

Workers involved

The number of workers involved is the maximum number of workers that took part during the course of the stoppage, even if some workers participated for only part of the duration.


The duration is measured in working days.

Time not worked

There is no fixed method for measuring the amount of time not worked. Reports from the employment services note two approaches: the sum of the amount of time not worked on each day of the strike or lockout, and the product of the number of workers involved and the duration.

Time not worked, in workdays, is measured for all workers involved, whether directly or indirectly, but not separately. No account is taken of overtime.



Reference period and periodicity

The statistics are compiled for periods of a year. They refer to strikes and lockouts beginning during the particular reference period plus those continuing from the previous period.

Analytical measures


Historical background of the series

Not available.


Series available

Not available.

Bibliographic references


Data published by the ILO

The number of strikes and lockouts, the number of workers involved and the number of days not worked, by economic activity.


Not available.

International standards

Not available.

Methods of data collection

There is a legal obligation applying to the employer to report the occurrence of a strike or lockout to the Inspection du Travail of the Direction du Travail, supplying information concerning the nature of the dispute, the matter in dispute, the occupational categories involved, the number of workers involved and the method of settlement. There is no standard form for this purpose.

There is no standard method for collecting statistics of strikes and lockouts. The data are drawn from reports produced by the provincial and prefectoral employment services. In general, the reports provide information on the type of dispute (legal or illegal, that is, whether or not the legal procedures for the settlement of a labour dispute were followed, as laid down in the labour code; or strike declared spontaneously or following agreement between workers); the number of workers involved (by category of workers according to the subject and cause of the dispute); the location of the strike or lockout (district, establishment, workplace or site); and the total number of days not worked (days that would normally have been worked if no work stoppage had taken place).