Organization responsible for the statistics
The statistics are collected and compiled by the Inspection du
Travail of the Direction du Travail.
Objectives and users
Strikes and lockouts
The statistics cover:
Sympathetic strikes, general strikes, working to rule, go-slows,
overtime bans: Information not available.
- constitutional or official strikes
- unofficial strikes
- political or protest strikes
- work stoppages initiated by employers
- rotating or revolving strikes
No particular branches of economic activity or sectors are
Workers directly involved, workers indirectly involved and
workers rendered idle in economic units other than those directly
involved in the strikes or lockouts. In addition to full-time
regular paid employees, the statistics cover temporary, casual
and seasonal workers. Workers laid off and workers absent on
sick or annual leave or absent for any other reason are not
included. Part-time work is not common in Madagascar.
No particular occupational groups are excluded.
Types of data collected
- number of strikes and lockouts
- number of economic units involved
- number of workers involved
- time not worked
- matter in dispute
- outcome of dispute
- characteristics of workers involved
Concepts and definitions
All spontaneous work stoppages.
A labour dispute which follows the legal procedures for
The closure of the establishment decided by the employer
following a strike or in opposition to a decision of the Conseil
The definitions come from the Code du Travail.
Methods of measurement
Strikes and lockouts
The basic unit of measurement used to record a strike or lockout
is the case of dispute in one economic unit (establishment, firm
and enterprise, or establishment and workplace within an
enterprise). The resumption of a strike or lockout after a
period of interruption, still due to the same case of dispute, is
treated as the continuation of the same strike or lockout.
Work stoppages due to the same case of dispute, occurring
simultaneously in several establishments or production units of
some enterprise are considered to be a single strike or lockout.
If work stoppages due to the same case of dispute occur at
different times, a separate strike or lockout is counted for each
establishment or production unit.
Economic units involved
The economic unit is the establishment, workplace or enterprise.
The establishment is the group of persons working under the
authority of one or more representatives of the same management.
It is characterized by a single activity being carried out at a
given location (factory, workshop, worksite, etc.).
The number of workers involved is the maximum number of workers
that took part during the course of the stoppage, even if some
workers participated for only part of the duration.
The duration is measured in working days.
Time not worked
There is no fixed method for measuring the amount of time not
worked. Reports from the employment services note two
approaches: the sum of the amount of time not worked on each day
of the strike or lockout, and the product of the number of
workers involved and the duration.
Time not worked, in workdays, is measured for all workers
involved, whether directly or indirectly, but not separately. No
account is taken of overtime.
Reference period and periodicity
The statistics are compiled for periods of a year. They refer to
strikes and lockouts beginning during the particular reference
period plus those continuing from the previous period.
Historical background of the series
Data published by the ILO
The number of strikes and lockouts, the number of
workers involved and the number of days not worked, by economic activity.
Methods of data collection
There is a legal obligation applying to the employer to report
the occurrence of a strike or lockout to the Inspection du
Travail of the Direction du Travail, supplying information
concerning the nature of the dispute, the matter in dispute, the
occupational categories involved, the number of workers involved
and the method of settlement. There is no standard form for this
There is no standard method for collecting statistics of
strikes and lockouts. The data are drawn from reports produced
by the provincial and prefectoral employment services. In
general, the reports provide information on the type of dispute
(legal or illegal, that is, whether or not the legal procedures
for the settlement of a labour dispute were followed, as laid
down in the labour code; or strike declared spontaneously or
following agreement between workers); the number of workers
involved (by category of workers according to the subject and
cause of the dispute); the location of the strike or lockout
(district, establishment, workplace or site); and the total
number of days not worked (days that would normally have been
worked if no work stoppage had taken place).