Organization responsible for the statistics
The statistics are collected, compiled and published by the
Department of Labour.
Objectives and users
Strikes and lockouts
The staistics cover:
Rotating or revolving strikes, working to rule, go-slows,
overtime bans or sit-ins are not included in the statistics.
- constitutional or official strikes
- unofficial strikes
- sympathetic strikes
- political or protest strikes
- general strikes
- work stoppages initiated by employers
The statistics cover manufacturing only.
Workers directly involved, workers indirectly involved and
workers rendered idle in economic units other than those directly
involved in the strikes. The statistics cover only full-time
regular paid employees; temporary, casual or seasonal workers,
part-time workers, unpaid family workers, workers laid off and
workers absent on sick or annual leave or absent for any other
reason are not included.
Security staff are not covered in the statistics.
Types of data collected
- number of strikes and lockouts
- number of economic units involved
- number of workers involved
- time not worked
Concepts and definitions
Cessation of work by a body of persons employed in any
establishment acting in combination or a concerted refusal or
refusal under a common understanding of any number of persons who
are or have been so employed, to continue to work or to accept
The closing of a place of employment or the suspension of work or
the refusal by an employer to continue to employ any number of
persons employed by him.
The definitions are taken from the Industrial Relations
Ordinance 1969 and the Industrial Statistics Act 1942 and its
Methods of measurement
Strikes and lockouts
The basic unit of measurement used to record a strike or lockout
is the case of dispute and the economic unit.
A strike or lockout that is interrupted but which later
resumes, still due to the same case of dispute, is counted as a
new strike or lockout.
Work stoppages occurring simultaneously in local workplaces of
the same enterprise due to the same case of dispute are counted
as one strike or lockout. Those occurring simultaneously in
local workplaces of different enterprises, still due to the same
case of dispute, are counted as one strike or lockout for each
enterprise. Those occurring at different times in local
workplaces of the same enterprise, due to the same case of
dispute, are counted as one strike or lockout if they occur at
different times within a particular month; otherwise each
occurrence is counted separately. Work stoppages occurring at
different times in local workplaces of different enterprises,
still due to the same case of dispute, are counted separately.
Economic units involved
The economic unit is the establishment, encompassing firms,
enterprises, and local workplaces, banks, and public sector
corporations; it is defined as any office, firm, industrial
unit, undertaking, shop or premises in which workmen are employed
for the purpose of carrying on any industry.
The number of workers involved is counted as the average of the
number of daily absences during the period of the strike or
The duration is measured in workdays or workhours from the date
the action began in the first economic unit involved up to the
date it terminated in the last one.
Time not worked
Total time not worked is measured in workdays, by ascertaining
the total amount of time not worked on each day of the action,
and summing these totals. Time not worked is not measured for
workers indirectly involved nor for those rendered idle in
economic units other than those directly involved in the
stoppage, even though these workers are included in the number of
workers involved. Overtime is not taken into account.
Branch of economic activity
Statistics are collected only with respect to manufacturing (ISIC
major division 3).
Number of workers involved
- less than 10
- 10 to 100
- 101 to 500
- 501 to 1,000
- 1,001 to 50,000
- more than 50,000
- less than 1
- more than 1 and up to 5
- more than 5 and up to 10
- more than 10 and up to 20
- more than 20 and up to 30
- more than 30
Time not worked
- less than 100
- 100 to 999
- 1,000 to 49,999
- 50,000 or more
- by occupational group
- by cause of dispute
Reference period and periodicity
The statistics are compiled and published for periods of a month
and a year. They refer to strikes and lockouts beginning during
the particular reference period only.
Historical background of the series
Department of Labour: Bangladesh Labour Journal (annual).
Data published by the ILO
The number of strikes and lockouts, the number of workers involved and the
number of days not worked, for manufacturing (ISIC major division
Methods of data collection
There is a legal obligation on the part of employers and workers,
as the case may be, to report the occurrence of a strike or
lockout. The report, giving a charter of demands, should be made
to the Department of Labour. In the case of illegal strikes, the
management should report to the Department of Labour, to the
police and to the Ministry of Labour and Manpower.