The framework was adopted by the Committee for the Recurrent Discussion on Social Dialogue – one of the four committees that met during the ILC – which was made up of government, worker and employer delegates. It calls on those ILO constituents to strengthen institutions and processes of social dialogue and asks the Office to provide support, actively promote social dialogue and enhance policy coherence with other international organizations.
The committee reaffirmed the importance of social dialogue in achieving social and economic progress, stressing that it embodies the basic democratic principle that people affected by decisions should have a voice in the decision-making process.
Strong tripartite support
|Tripartism at national level is no longer sufficient. We need to build and strengthen new spaces for cross-border social dialogue."|
“Strong labour ministries can work with the social partners to address issues that have important impacts on workers and employers. Social dialogue’s effectiveness and the soundness of industrial relations depend on the capacity of the government to act as policy-maker, administrator and as participant in tripartite discussions.”
The global economic and financial crises resulted in some countries engaging with social partners to address critical issues, the committee said. However, in other countries, policy reforms have weakened collective bargaining structures, minimum wages and pensions and employment protection laws, without improving job creation.
This, alongside the impact of globalization, has made social dialogue and the strengthening of collective bargaining ever more critical, said workers’ spokesperson, Sarah Fox.
“The increasing complexity of global supply chains, have created new challenges for workers since many decisions affecting them are now taken beyond national boundaries. Tripartism at national level is no longer sufficient. We need to build and strengthen new spaces for cross-border social dialogue so we can protect workers’ rights and interests.”
A number of conventions related to social dialogue will be promoted in a new campaign, as part of the plan of action. This includes the Tripartite Consultation Convention, 1976 (No.144) and the Collective Bargaining Convention 1981 (No. 154).
Other measures include helping labour administrations improve the governance and efficiency of labour law enforcement and labour inspections; expanding the ILO’s assistance to labour dispute prevention and resolution systems and mechanisms; and convening a meeting of experts on cross-border social dialogue.
|Workplace cooperation between employers and workers contributes to stable industrial and employment relations and productive workplaces.”|
The ILO will help constituents to promote, facilitate and engage in social dialogue and collective bargaining. It will also be more proactive in engaging with international organizations and institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, World Bank and World Trade Organization to promote the Decent Work Agenda and ILO standards and principles.
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