Viet Nam has ratified 18 Conventions (17 in force), including five core Conventions (C29, C100, C11, C138 and C182). It has recently ratified a Governance Convention, C144 on tripartite consultations. Two other Conventions (C184 and C159) have been reviewed for possible ratifications. Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) has recently put forward a Roadmap for ratifications of ILO Conventions, in which it planned to review two core Conventions (C87 and C98) on freedom of associations and collective bargaining.
Besides the general review of relevant ILO Conventions, Vietnamese constituents have sought ILO technical guidance on how best Vietnam should look into these Conventions and Recommendations to solicit guidance for its national legal reforms. It expects that the Core and Governance Conventions such as the mentioned C87, C98 and C122 (on employment policy) could help guide Viet Nam’s on-going comprehensive reform process of both the Labour Code and Trade Union.
Viet Nam today faces challenges of how it should comply with the requirements of the ratified Conventions. The key to address the challenge is the active contribution and participation from all the tripartite actors (the Government, the Employers’ Organizations and the Workers’ Organization) and other stakeholders.