Publications on Wages

December 2016

  1. Report

    Closing the gender pay gap: A review of the issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence

    01 December 2016

    The principle of equal remuneration for men and women for work of equal value, as set out in the Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100), needs to be implemented if gender equality and decent work for all is to be achieved. However, while the principle of equal pay for work of equal value has been widely endorsed, key problem is that the policy mechanisms needed to achieve this objective are not well understood and in fact are both multifaceted and vary according to the institutional context. This paper aspires to review key issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence with respect to closing the gender pay gap. The core focus of this report is on wage setting institutions and their impact on inclusive and gender equitable labour markets. The key message from this report is that gender pay equity needs to be pursued through a policy package that promotes an inclusive and transparent labour market alongside specific measures to address gender pay equity. Strengthening and extending employment standards, through higher minimum wages, more equal rights for non-standard workers and more extensive and inclusive collective bargaining need to be combined with effective gender specific measures to address the undervaluation of women’s work and extend duties on employers to actively promote gender equality.

November 2016

  1. Publication

    Wages and productivity in the garment sector in Asia and the Pacific and the Arab States

    07 November 2016

    This brief provides an overview of trends, recent policy developments and recommendations with regards to wages and productivity in the garment sector in Asia and the Pacific and the Arab States.

October 2016

  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 83

    Redistributing value added towards labour in apparel supply chains: Tackling low wages through purchasing practices

    07 October 2016

August 2016

  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 79

    Initial effects of Constitutional Amendment 72 on domestic work in Brazil

    01 August 2016

June 2016

  1. Our impact, their voice

    Working out of poverty in Timor-Leste

    24 June 2016

    Timor-Leste’s long journey to independence eroded large segments of the economy and infrastructure. Despite recent and rapid oil-fuelled growth, poverty has remained acute with half the population living on less than a dollar a day.

May 2016

  1. © M. Crozet / ILO 2017

    Working out of poverty

    Breaking the cycle of poverty in Tunisia

    02 May 2016

    Breaking the cycle of poverty can be done through the development of disadvantaged areas and creating opportunities for the local population. In Tunisia, the ILO has launched a series of projects in these areas using a participative approach that includes beneficiaries in their implementation. Young people are central to this process, as the school to work transition determines an adult’s chances to escape poverty.

March 2016

  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 72

    The introduction of a minimum wage for domestic workers in South Africa

    31 March 2016

  2. Publication

    Outcome 5: Thematic Funding for 2014-2015 (Final Evaluation Summary)

    01 March 2016

    Project: GLO/14/67/SID - Evaluation Consultant: Julian Walker

  3. Publication

    Women’s Entrepreneurship Development

    01 March 2016

    The ILO approach to Women’s Entrepreneurship Development - Sustainable Enterprises

February 2016

  1. Publication

    The gender and motherhood wage gap in The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: An econometric analysis

    02 February 2016

    The results of this study suggest that while women are paid about 18-19 per cent of a men’s wages in The former Yugoslav Republic in Macedonia, surprisingly, mothers with a small child aged up to 6 years were paid equally to non-mothers (or mothers with older children) in 2011, and earned 6 per cent more than women without small children in 2014.