Today, there are an estimated 232 million migrant workers around the world. Globalization, demographic shifts, conflicts, income inequalities and climate change will encourage ever more workers and their families to cross borders in search of employment and security. Migrant workers contribute to growth and development in their countries of destination, while countries of origin greatly benefit from their remittances and the skills acquired during their migration experience.
Yet, the migration process implies complex challenges in terms of governance, migrants workers’ protection, migration and development linkages, and international cooperation. The ILO works to forge policies to maximize the benefits of labour migration for all those involved.
Report of the ILO Director-General
Despite the positive experiences that can and should be cited, migration is still too frequently associated with unacceptable labour abuses in the face of which inaction is an abdication of responsibility.
Improving Labour Migration Governance
The project aims to better protect the rights of migrant workers in the area as well as encourage governments to develop effective mechanisms to respond to cases of forced labour and trafficking.
ILO and the Global Migration Group
The Global Migration Group (GMG) consists of 16 international organizations that work in cooperation to address migration issues, worldwide. This year the ILO assumes chairmanship.
Our database provides a non-exhaustive list of current good practices implemented at the country level.
Only ten per cent of domestic workers worldwide are covered by the same laws and legislation as other workers. Many of them are also subject to deplorable working conditions, labour exploitation and human rights abuses.
The number of people migrating has risen from 154 million in 1990 to 232 million in 2013, and for many years migrants have made up about three per cent of the world’s population. Today there are more migrants than ever because of the growing world population.
Migrants make significant and essential contributions to the economic, social and cultural development of their host countries and their communities back home. But too often these contributions go unrecognized..."Guy Ryder, ILO Director-General