Labour administration and inspection needs assessment

Technical Memorandum: Bosnia and Herzegovina

The aim of the assessment was to identify the good practices and shortcomings of the labour inspectorates and of the labour inspection system, taking into account the principles stated by Conventions 1947 (No. 81) and 1969 (No. 129). This report focuses on the need to strengthen the labour inspection system in Bosnia and Herzegovina and contains a number of recommendations.

Effective systems of labour inspection are paramount for inclusive societies and developed economies. Through labour inspection, governments engage with social partners and other relevant stakeholders to give effectiveness to national policies and legal frameworks on labour and working conditions.

Labour inspection can help businesses progress by encouraging decent work and its competitive benefits, thereby helping to make fundamental social and economic human rights a reality for workers.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, which still faces institutional challenges as a result of the profound transformations following the dismantling of Yugoslavia and the war, labour inspection can be of vital importance for improving living conditions. Labour inspection can unite the government, employers and trade unions around common goals related to the implementation of international labour standards in the country.

This report focuses on the need to strengthen the labour inspection system in Bosnia and Herzegovina, specifically within the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH). The conclusions are based on document analysis and on the observations and interviews conducted during a mission to the country over a period of three days, visiting the cantons of Sarajevo, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj and Central Bosnia. Meetings were held with the heads of inspectorates and representatives of trade unions and employers’ organizations.

The mission contributed to a joint reflection by the national constituents on the progress needed to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and quality of the labour inspection services.

Based on these findings, the report contains a number of recommendations. Some of these are possible to implement in a short period (2012 or 2013). Others are included as references for possible future action, depending on opportunities, priorities and resources.