HIV/AIDS and work: global estimates, impact and response - 2004
The report presents global estimates of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the male and female labour force and the working-age population in developing and developed regions for the period 1995-2015. It reviews and discusses effects on the private and public sectors, agriculture and the informal economy. The report includes: - numbers of workers unable to work because of illness - estimates and projections - labour force losses and deaths of persons of working age - estimates and projections - resulting economic and social burdens - new indicators and projections - macroeconomic impact due to labour force effects - changes in growth of GDP, 1992-2002 - multiple consequences for society - notably for women and for children. This report also outlines policy implications, illustrates the range of responses to HIV/AIDS in a variety of workplace settings from examples selected globally, and gives special emphasis to current efforts to provide antiretroviral therapy in conjunction with HIV prevention as well as the large potential for expanded access to workplace-based treatment. It draws on the most recent demographic and epidemiological data from the United Nations, UNAIDS and ILO, and is based on new measures that allow for such global projections of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the world of work to be made for the first time.