06 June 2017
Cooperatives and the World of Work Series No. 9
Cooperatives and the Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: Cooperatives and Freedom of Association and Right to Collective Bargaining
02 June 2017
Freedom of association is an enabling right to the enjoyment of all other FPRW, as it opens the door to participatory actions against forced labour, the protection of children from abuses, and responsive measures based on non-discrimination and equality. This note looks at the role of cooperatives, both as employers and as organizations formed by workers, in promoting freedom of association to their members and workers.
Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 87
Sectoral collective bargaining, productivity and competitiveness in South Africa’s clothing value chain: manufacturers between a rock and a hard place
16 May 2017
This working paper focusses on the role of sectoral collective bargaining in wage setting and the different factors that might account for the link between wage and productivity growth. It examines various initiatives to improve productivity in the South African clothing sector. These include sectoral framework agreements on the adoption of productivity schemes at the enterprise level, the introduction of ‘world class manufacturing techniques’, consultant-led productivity schemes, and management-designed incentive schemes introduced in consultation with workers. The study finds that sectoral-level bargaining is effective in establishing a common wage floor for the industry that also rewards more productive firms (and workers). Moreover, during a period of liberalization and industry restructuring, wage have been rising alongside increases in labour productivity. However, this link between wages and productivity was not achieved through “organized decentralization” (i.e. enterprise-level productivity bargaining within a sectoral framework agreement). Rather, it was the outcome of a “complex package of competitive strategies pursued by firms”. These included, notably, management capability and capacity and relations between retailers (‘buyers’) and manufacturers. The paper also examines the challenges experience by some manufacturers in respect of compliance with wages and the manner in which the gains are distributed in the value chain. It concludes with some ideas about the need for a new approach to collective bargaining in light of the restructuring of the clothing value chain in South Africa.
Sustainable Development Goals
08 May 2017
This reference manual, seeks to assist trade union leaders, members and sympathizers, in their engagement in these national strategies for sustainable development.
18 April 2017
This first issue in the new series “Dialogue in Brief” examines the critical role of social dialogue in supporting the transition from the informal to the formal economy. It summarises relevant international labour standards as well as the challenges faced in practice. It then presents examples from around the world of how governments and the social partners are using social dialogue in the transition to formality, drawing some policy conclusions.
Multinational enterprises and inclusive development: Harnessing national social dialogue institutions to address the governance gap
01 April 2017
This paper is a part of the research project of the Social Dialogue and Tripartism Unit of the Governance and Tripartism Department (DIALOGUE/GOVERNANCE) and the Multinational Enterprises and Enterprises Engagement Unit of the Enterprises Department (ENT/MULTI) whose main objective is to analyse and document country experiences in the area of tripartite social dialogue and multinational enterprises (MNEs) and foreign direct investment (FDI).
ILO Research paper No. 19
29 March 2017
This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of how trade and trade policies shape job creation and destruction across countries in the context of a globally fragmented production, by considering manufacturing and services jobs separately. The analysis takes into account not only tariff and non-tariff barriers to goods trade, but also barriers to services trade.
Violence and Harassment at Work
Violence and Harassment against Women and Men in the World of Work-Trade Union Perspective and Action
08 March 2017
Violence against women and men in the world of work is an abuse of power that affects the most marginalised workers. Women are disproportionately affected where unequal power relations, low pay, non-standard working conditions and other workplace abuses expose them to violence in the world of work. This report draws on the work of Global Union Federations and 35 national case studies from different sectors and countries across the world to show that through collective agreements, workplace policies and negotiations, campaigns and awareness raising, trade unions have taken constructive steps to tackle violence in the world of work. A key objective of the report is to promote a systematic approach to prevention and elimination of violence and harassment at work and to inform trade unions in building a strong position for the development of a standard-setting item at the International Labour Conference in 2018.
04 March 2017
15 February 2017
This report considers the impact of telework/ICT-mobile work on the world of work. It synthesises research carried out by Eurofound’s network of European correspondents and ILO country experts.